quarantine

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quarantine

 [kwor´an-tēn]
1. restriction of freedom of movement of apparently well individuals who have been exposed to infectious disease, which is imposed for the usual maximal incubation period of the disease (quarantine period).
2. a period of detention of vessels, vehicles, or travelers coming from infected or suspected ports or places.
3. the place where persons are detained for inspection.
4. to detain or isolate on account of suspected contagion.

quar·an·tine

(kwar'an-tēn),
1. A period (originally 40 days) of detention of vessels and their passengers coming from an area where an infectious disease prevails.
2. To detain such vessels and their passengers until the incubation period of an infectious disease has passed.
3. A place where such vessels and their passengers are detained.
4. The isolation of a person with a known or possible contagious disease.
[It. quarantina fr. L. quadraginta, forty]

quarantine

(kwôr′ən-tēn′, kwŏr′-)
n.
1.
a. A condition, period of time, or place in which a person, animal, plant, vehicle, or amount of material suspected of carrying an infectious agent is kept in confinement or isolated in an effort to prevent disease from spreading.
b. An action resulting in such a condition: the government's quarantine of the animals.
2.
a. An action to isolate another nation, such as a blockade of its ports or a severance of diplomatic or trade relations.
b. The condition of being isolated by such an action.
3. Computers The isolation of data or data transmissions in order to keep viruses, worms, or other malware from infecting a computer or computer network.
tr.v. quaran·tined, quaran·tining, quaran·tines
To isolate in quarantine.

quar′an·tin′a·ble adj.

quarantine

Epidemiology
noun A period of isolation intended to control the spread of a contagious infection.
 
verb To restrict the freedom of movement in those with—or presumed to have been exposed to—a highly communicable disease so as to prevent dissemination.
 
Military medicine
noun Isolation of anyone who is suffering from a disease that can be spread, or isolation of carriers and personnel who may be responsible for the spread of diseases, such as typhoid.
 
Types
• Absolute quarantine—Consists of complete isolation from contact with other persons or units. The quarantined person’s normal duties are suspended and all contacts avoided.
• Working quarantine—Relaxed isolation where unnecessary contacts with other persons or units are contained, regular duties are still carried out, but infected persons are kept isolated and preventive measures are taken to avoid spreading of the disease.
 
Transfusion medicine
noun A term of art referring to an “on-hold” status of a blood component from the time it is collected from a donor until all required testing is completed, after which time it is released and distributed to end-users and recipients.

quarantine

Epidemiology noun A period of isolation intended to control the spread of a contagious infection verb To restrict the freedom of movement in those with–or presumed to have been exposed to–a highly communicable disease, to prevent dissemination. See Notifiable disease, Proposition 64.

quar·an·tine

(kwōr'ǎn-tēn, -tēn')
1. The restriction of activities of contacts (potentially infected but currently asymptomatic hosts) for a time at least equal to the period of communicability for the disease in question.
Compare: isolation
2. To apply quarantine measures.
[It. quarantina fr. L. quadraginta, forty]

quarantine

Isolation of a person who has been exposed to an infectious disease so as to prevent spread. From the Italian quarantina, 40-a period of days longer than the incubation period of most diseases, other than RABIES.

quar·an·tine

(kwōr'ǎn-tēn)
1. Isolation of a person with a known or possible contagious disease.
2. A period (originally 40 days) of detention of vessels and their passengers coming from an area where an infectious disease prevails.
3. A place where such vessels and their passengers are detained.
[It. quarantina fr. L. quadraginta, forty]