Qualitative Research

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the systematic, rigorous investigation of a situation or problem in order to generate new knowledge or validate existing knowledge. Research in health care takes place in a variety of areas and has many potential benefits; the areas include professional practice, environmental issues affecting health, vitality, treatments, theory development, health care economics, and many others. Health care research can be conducted by one group of professionals for generation of knowledge specific to that group, or by a diverse group of researchers collaborating on a given health care problem.
applied research scientific investigations conducted to answer specific clinical questions or solve practice-related problems.
basic research scientific investigation that involves the generation of new knowledge or development of new theories; its results often cannot be applied directly to specific clinical situations.
correlational research the systematic investigation of relationships among two or more variables, without necessarily determining cause and effect.
descriptive research research that provides an accurate portrayal of characteristics of a particular individual, situation, or group. These studies are a means of discovering new meaning, describing what exists, determining the frequency with which something occurs, and categorizing information.
ethnographic research the investigation of a culture through an in-depth study of the members of the culture; it involves the systematic collection, description, and analysis of data for development of theories of cultural behavior.
experimental research objective, systematic, controlled investigation for the purpose of predicting and controlling phenomena and examining probability and causality among selected variables.
exploratory research studies that are merely formative, for the purpose of gaining new insights, discovering new ideas, and increasing knowledge of phenomena.
grounded theory research a research approach designed to discover what problems exist in a given social environment and how the persons involved handle them; it involves formulation, testing, and reformulation of propositions until a theory is developed.
historical research research involving analysis of events that occurred in the remote or recent past.
phenomenological research an inductive, descriptive research approach developed from phenomenological philosophy; its aim is to describe an experience as it is actually lived by the person.
qualitative research research dealing with phenomena that are difficult or impossible to quantify mathematically, such as beliefs, meanings, attributes, and symbols; it may involve content analysis.
quantitative research research involving formal, objective information about the world, with mathematical quantification; it can be used to describe test relationships and to examine cause and effect relationships.
Data-gathering techniques that are focussed on the significance of observations made in a study rather than the raw numbers themselves
References in periodicals archive ?
Consequently, the courses offered on research methods are not in harmony with the predominance of qualitative methods in the dissertations.
It is a well-written, accessible and even-handed qualitative methods text and should appeal to all those interested in qualitative research in the social and health sciences.
Qualitative Methods and Analysis in Organizational Research: A Practical Guide, edited by Gillian Symon and Catharine Cassell, is a useful and indeed practical collection of methods for qualitative data collection and analysis, preceded by a brief introduction by the editors on their views on qualitative research.
We must achieve not only conve ntional success, but also alternative scholarly legitimacy within both feminist and qualitative methods literatures -- at the same time, with the same work.
Although it is tempting to underscore several of their points, I want to use the remaining limited space to discuss briefly five major impediments that I see to the greater use of qualitative methods in health services research, and to suggest means for their removal.
Taking account of the services and qualitative research characteristics, it is possible to determine the key matching features which emphasize the suitability of qualitative methods for services marketing research.
Other researchers (Peeler, Fulbrook, & Kildea, 2015; Sanders & Bray, 2014; Traijkovski, Schmied, Vickers, & Jackson, 2015) have used qualitative methods to gain insight into parental perceptions of care delivered and the development of collaborative relationships.
Developed at DNV GL s R&D Center in Rio de Janeiro, the BOP?RDT tool provides the most comprehensive decision support system, using both quantitative and qualitative methods. It will assist the decision-making process by substantially reducing the degree of subjectivity.
The results of this survey which incorporates quantitative methods (survey analysis) and qualitative methods (in-depth interviews) is that Afro-Caribbean and African migrants from Africa are viewed as better or different than native-born Black people by white people, but they are still not seen as model minorities like Asian American groups.
TST is one of the qualitative methods that were used to determine individual self-conceptualization.
The authors then confront these levels with one another in order to outline a broader scope for qualitative methods in which there is a more creative interaction between empirical research and theoretical concerns.
The research included qualitative methods to investigate the views of six child welfare professionals (social workers and guardians) in relation to the purpose and value of special guardianship in permanency planning.

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