qualitative research

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the systematic, rigorous investigation of a situation or problem in order to generate new knowledge or validate existing knowledge. Research in health care takes place in a variety of areas and has many potential benefits; the areas include professional practice, environmental issues affecting health, vitality, treatments, theory development, health care economics, and many others. Health care research can be conducted by one group of professionals for generation of knowledge specific to that group, or by a diverse group of researchers collaborating on a given health care problem.
applied research scientific investigations conducted to answer specific clinical questions or solve practice-related problems.
basic research scientific investigation that involves the generation of new knowledge or development of new theories; its results often cannot be applied directly to specific clinical situations.
correlational research the systematic investigation of relationships among two or more variables, without necessarily determining cause and effect.
descriptive research research that provides an accurate portrayal of characteristics of a particular individual, situation, or group. These studies are a means of discovering new meaning, describing what exists, determining the frequency with which something occurs, and categorizing information.
ethnographic research the investigation of a culture through an in-depth study of the members of the culture; it involves the systematic collection, description, and analysis of data for development of theories of cultural behavior.
experimental research objective, systematic, controlled investigation for the purpose of predicting and controlling phenomena and examining probability and causality among selected variables.
exploratory research studies that are merely formative, for the purpose of gaining new insights, discovering new ideas, and increasing knowledge of phenomena.
grounded theory research a research approach designed to discover what problems exist in a given social environment and how the persons involved handle them; it involves formulation, testing, and reformulation of propositions until a theory is developed.
historical research research involving analysis of events that occurred in the remote or recent past.
phenomenological research an inductive, descriptive research approach developed from phenomenological philosophy; its aim is to describe an experience as it is actually lived by the person.
qualitative research research dealing with phenomena that are difficult or impossible to quantify mathematically, such as beliefs, meanings, attributes, and symbols; it may involve content analysis.
quantitative research research involving formal, objective information about the world, with mathematical quantification; it can be used to describe test relationships and to examine cause and effect relationships.
Data-gathering techniques that are focussed on the significance of observations made in a study rather than the raw numbers themselves

qualitative research,

n method of investigation that includes patient interviews and detailed case studies. Extensively used in the nursing profession, the method is increasingly used in the primary care setting.
References in periodicals archive ?
To Use or Not to Use: Computer-Assisted Qualitative Data Analysis Software Usage among Early-Career Sociologists in Croatia.
Although computer software programs for qualitative research are universally described as "Computer-assisted Qualitative Data Analysis Software" (CAQDAS), the term "assisted" means how data are electronically stored, retrieved, and linked.
The complexities of qualitative data analysis extend far beyond the limitations of this brief article.
Computer-Assisted Qualitative Data Analysis Software (CAQDAS) can help the researchers handling data and decreasing human errors strongly [49].
Qualitative data analysis can be understood as the range of processes and procedures in which qualitative data develops into a descriptive presentation, understanding or interpretation of the subject under investigation (Thomas, 2006).
They explain the scientific approach to research, the theoretical framework and hypothesis development, data collection methods, experimental designs, measurement of variables, sampling, and quantitative and qualitative data analysis.
Qualitative data analysis and interpretation in counseling psychology: Strategies for best practices.
In particular, we consider the merits of formally adopting a 'progressive focusing' approach, which entails a systematic narrowing and refinement of the research focus during fieldwork in order to accommodate highly unique and specific issues (emic) of socio-cultural behaviour (Parlett and Hamilton 1972; Stake 2010), and examine the role of computer-assisted qualitative data analysis software in enabling this approach, as well as in enhancing its trustworthiness.
A constant comparative approach to qualitative data analysis allowed for themes in the data to emerge across cases.
Using qualitative data analysis procedures, these researchers derived three comprehension profiles and describe implications for classroom instruction.
The course content includes major research paradigms, nature and value of qualitative research, key themes/priorities in English language education research in Pakistan, strategies for collecting qualitative data: observation, interview, open-ended questionnaires, journal writing, narratives, visual methods, qualitative data analysis.
Qualitative data analysis required an iterative approach because new data could present new codes or fit within existing codes.

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