Qualitative Research

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the systematic, rigorous investigation of a situation or problem in order to generate new knowledge or validate existing knowledge. Research in health care takes place in a variety of areas and has many potential benefits; the areas include professional practice, environmental issues affecting health, vitality, treatments, theory development, health care economics, and many others. Health care research can be conducted by one group of professionals for generation of knowledge specific to that group, or by a diverse group of researchers collaborating on a given health care problem.
applied research scientific investigations conducted to answer specific clinical questions or solve practice-related problems.
basic research scientific investigation that involves the generation of new knowledge or development of new theories; its results often cannot be applied directly to specific clinical situations.
correlational research the systematic investigation of relationships among two or more variables, without necessarily determining cause and effect.
descriptive research research that provides an accurate portrayal of characteristics of a particular individual, situation, or group. These studies are a means of discovering new meaning, describing what exists, determining the frequency with which something occurs, and categorizing information.
ethnographic research the investigation of a culture through an in-depth study of the members of the culture; it involves the systematic collection, description, and analysis of data for development of theories of cultural behavior.
experimental research objective, systematic, controlled investigation for the purpose of predicting and controlling phenomena and examining probability and causality among selected variables.
exploratory research studies that are merely formative, for the purpose of gaining new insights, discovering new ideas, and increasing knowledge of phenomena.
grounded theory research a research approach designed to discover what problems exist in a given social environment and how the persons involved handle them; it involves formulation, testing, and reformulation of propositions until a theory is developed.
historical research research involving analysis of events that occurred in the remote or recent past.
phenomenological research an inductive, descriptive research approach developed from phenomenological philosophy; its aim is to describe an experience as it is actually lived by the person.
qualitative research research dealing with phenomena that are difficult or impossible to quantify mathematically, such as beliefs, meanings, attributes, and symbols; it may involve content analysis.
quantitative research research involving formal, objective information about the world, with mathematical quantification; it can be used to describe test relationships and to examine cause and effect relationships.
Miller-Keane Encyclopedia and Dictionary of Medicine, Nursing, and Allied Health, Seventh Edition. © 2003 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier, Inc. All rights reserved.
Data-gathering techniques that are focussed on the significance of observations made in a study rather than the raw numbers themselves
Segen's Medical Dictionary. © 2012 Farlex, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
2) offers a better approximation to the 'true' nature of qualitative research than previous models, there are is an inherent danger that a call for acknowledging flexibility and progressive focusing in qualitative research may be misinterpreted as a call for leniency towards lack of rigour or systematic research procedures.
252) The rigor of qualitative research can stand on its own, without being compared with quantitative research, and researchers are responsible for showing readers the steps they took to ensure quality and trustworthiness.
The researcher needs to be thinking clearly and not have any preconceived ideas that might confound the qualitative research process; this is common with grounded theory.
The novelty of embarking on a qualitative research project has created some anxiety for me, as a flood of questions enter my thoughts about how I want to execute my research.
Svend Brinkmann, Michael Hviid Jacobsen, and S0ren Kristiansen have discussed six histories of qualitative research as: i) the conceptual, ii) the internal, iii) the marginalizing, iv) the repressed, v) the social, and vi) the technological histories of qualitative research [Brinkmann et al., 2014].
As put by Tracy (2013), the main source of controversy in the discussion regarding the establishment of standards or criteria for evaluating the rigor and overall quality of qualitative research is the fact that such criteria are constructed and not given.
In contrast, qualitative research is by definition subjective (but nonjudgmental) in nature and most investigations are performed in a natural setting where the participants or co-researchers are most comfortable and where the topic can be examined in the environment where it is most commonly observed.
Qualitative research views reality as a subjective and multi-faceted experience using questions more closely tied to the human experience such as "What is it like to be lonely?" (Borbasi and Jackson 2012, p.125) or, even more generally, "How do you feel?" (Hoffmann et al 2013, p.23)
Wiles' work covers informed consent, anonymity and conformity, risk and safety, and contemporary issues involving information sharing, e-research and other contemporary concerns of qualitative research ethics.
Assessment: The book lays out both orthodox and innovative approaches in qualitative research methods, from classic modes of ethnography and interviewing, to cutting edge techniques in narrative and visual analysis.
Charlotte, NC, February 05, 2013 --(PR.com)-- Accelerant Research, a full-service marketing research and consulting firm in Charlotte, North Carolina - and creators of the popular BlogNog.com online qualitative research platform - has released a new pricing model for do-it-yourself use of BlogNog, which is dramatically lower than other online platforms and includes the research industry's first free facility for conducting in-depth do-it-yourself qualitative research studies.

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