There are three outcomes of this experiment that have a substantial fan club: 1) The great majority of scientists would say that with or without Charlie's intervention, the Bem experiment would have null results if done with a skeptic's QRNG oversight.
Further discussion of implications of possible outcomes is provided by Klein & Cochran (2017) including implications of a variety of outcomes if a pseudo random number generator is used rather than the QRNG discuss here.
By 2004, QRNG was established in the United States, and it appeared reasonable to combine all out-of-state travel (both outside and within the United States) into the category of potential nonlocal acquisition.
A common explanation for the rise in QRNG is repeated importation (9,19); some evidence that importation played a role in the initial growth of resistance in the United Kingdom can be seen in data from the Gonococcal Resistance to Antimicrobials Surveillance Programme (20).
According to 2002 data, in New York City, Seattle, and Massachusetts, QRNG is especially emerging in MSM," she said.
The lack of data regarding women and QRNG concerns the CDC, Dr.
In addition, since 2001, GISP has observed QRNG
increases among isolates from MSM, and more recently, from heterosexual males.
GISP data for 2003 showed resistant isolates from Cleveland, Baltimore, Chicago, Dallas, and Kansas, with a significant increase in QRNG
in Seattle, New York City, Massachusetts, California, and Michigan, and smaller increases in Phoenix, Minneapolis, Chicago, Las Vegas, and Portland (1).
Preliminary data collected during January-September 2003 from all GISP sites indicate a QRNG
prevalence of 4.
These strains of QRNG
were first introduced in the United States by persons who engaged in sexual activity abroad, but now California and Hawaii have an increasing incidence of infection attributable to these strains (16).
According to preliminary estimates of 2003 data, the national rate of QRNG
is about 4%, while the rate is about 12% in Hawaii, 19% in California and 14% in Massachusetts, she said at a conference on STD prevention sponsored by the CDC.
This report summarizes investigations of increases in QRNG
in Hawaii and California in 2001 and provides data to support the recommendation that cephalosporins (i.