Severe complications noted include cortical blindness, central retinal artery or vein occlusion, ischaemic optic neuropathy, optic neuritis and Purtscher
's like retinopathy.
Purtscher retinopathy is an extremely rare condition with an estimated incidence of 0.24 per million per year.
In this case report we describe a patient with Purtscher retinopathy, examined with fundus photography, spectral domain optical coherence tomography (OCT) using Heidelberg Spectralis (Heidelberg Engineering, Germany), OCT-angiography (OCTA) (Topcon, Japan), and microperimetry using Microperimeter MP-3 (Nidek Co., Ltd., Japan).
, "Nonlinear ultrasonic assessment of precipitation hardening in ASTM A710 steel," Journal of Materials Research., vol.
Purtscher's retinopathy is a rare retinal disorder characterized by acute visual loss and retinal findings such as cotton-wool spots, intraretinal hemorrhages and retinal whitening following head or chest trauma.
(1) The most encountered signs of this retinopathy are cotton-wool spots, retinal hemorrhages, Purtscher flecken, pseudo-cherry red spot, and macular edema, respectively.
It is associated with proliferative diabetic retinopathy, retinal artery macro aneurysm, trauma,1 age-related maculopathy, hematological disorders such as leukemia and chemotherapy induced pancytopenia, following laser in situ keratomileusis because of rapid release of the microkeratotome vacum pressure or after retinal vascular rupture associated with physical exertion (valsalva retinopathy), Terson's syndrome, Purtscher
's syndrome.2 Visual acuity is often profoundly reduced but spontaneous clearance usually occurs within few months.3 Nd: yag laser (neodymium yag laser) is commonly used for a variety of anterior segment procedures particularly iridotomy and posterior capsulotomy.
Chhabra, "Valsalva and Purtscher
's retinopathy with optic neuropathy in compressive thoracic injury," Eye, vol.
Blindness is a rare feature of pancreatitis (Purtscher
The watermark of the source used for Wenzel Hebelt's symphony, for example, suggests Lower Austrian (Purtscher
mill?) origins rather than Salzburg provenance, while the performance materials for Joseph Hafeneder's symphony, as noted by the editor, were prepared sixty years after the composer's death.
present one patient with unilateral Purtscher
retinopathy following thoracic trauma sustained in a motor vehicle accident.
Studies by Prado and Reddy et al did not report cases with vitreous hemorrhage, serous retinal detachment, purtscher
like retinopathy or cortical blindness.