Purkinje cell


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Related to Purkinje cell: nerve cell, Purkinje cell layer

Purkinje cell

(pûr-kĭn′jē)
n.
A large, drop-shaped, densely branching neuron that is the characteristic cell of the cerebellar cortex.

Purkinje cell

A large cerebellar cortex neuron with an ornate, antler-shaped dendritic arbor. Purkinje cells receive inputs (climbing fibers) from the inferior olive, and they send their axons (inhibitory) to the cerebellar and vestibular nuclei.
Synonym: Purkinje neuron

Purkinje cell

a specialized NEURONE of the CEREBELLUM consisting of an axon, a large cell body and a single dendrite which is much branched, like a tree.

Purkinje

named after J.E. Purkinje, Bohemian anatomist (1787-1869).

Purkinje cell
neuronal cell bodies in the middle layer of the cerebellar cortex; characterized by a large, globose body and massive, branching dendrites but a single, slender axon.
Purkinje fiber
modified cardiac muscle fibers in the subendothelial tissue, concerned with conducting impulses through the heart.
P's image, Purkinje-Sanson images
in a normal eye, reflections of light off the surface of the cornea, anterior lens capsule, and posterior lens capsule. When viewed from different angles, can be used to localize intraocular opacities.
Purkinje network
a reticulum of modified muscle fibers in the subendocardial tissue of the cardiac ventricles.
Purkinje neuron
see Purkinje cell (above).
References in periodicals archive ?
In the new paper, the researchers took their observations to humans, studying Purkinje cells derived from three patients with TSC (two also had ASD symptoms, and all three also had epilepsy).
The rationale of the present study was to identify the histomorphological changes induced by mobile phones electromagnetic fields on Purkinje cell layer of cerebellum.
Temporal vulnerability of fetal cerebellar Purkinje cells to chronic binge alcohol exposure: Ovine model.
There was a larger decrease in the Purkinje cell number at days 17 and 25; this concurs with previous results in cerebral cortex, where a significant decrease in the neuronal density was observed at day 25 in mice exposed to a 1/5 [DL.
One hemisphere was selected at random for estimating the volume of the cerebellar layers and neuronal quantifications and the other was used for estimating individual somal volume of Purkinje cells.
7%) showed nervous lesions of neuronal and Purkinje cell necrosis of cerebrum and cerebellum, respectively.
Administration of memantine during ethanol withdrawal in neonatal rats: Effects on long-term ethanol-induced motor incoordination and cerebellar Purkinje cell loss.
Nairn et al (1989) estimated the Purkinje cell number based on nucleoli count to be 15 million per cerebellar hemisphere Bakalian (1991) estimated Purkinje cell number to be 330350+/-35,448 cells from control animals and 299019+/-50,223 cells in old rats.
1,2,5,6,9,10-alphaHexabromocyclododecane (HBCD) Impairs Thyroid Hormone-Induced Dendrite Arborization of Purkinje Cells and Suppresses Thyroid Hormone Receptor-Mediated Transcription.
1nteractions between neuroactive steroids and reelin haploinsufficiency in Purkinje cell survival.
Investigations using animal models have determined that the rate of acquisition of Pavlovian conditioning is diminished proportionate to cerebellar Purkinje cell loss (Brown et al.
Purkinje cell counts in the cerebella of four autistic subjects: initial findings of the UCLA-NSAC autopsy research reports.