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named after J.E. Purkinje, Bohemian anatomist (1787-1869).

Purkinje cell
neuronal cell bodies in the middle layer of the cerebellar cortex; characterized by a large, globose body and massive, branching dendrites but a single, slender axon.
Purkinje fiber
modified cardiac muscle fibers in the subendothelial tissue, concerned with conducting impulses through the heart.
P's image, Purkinje-Sanson images
in a normal eye, reflections of light off the surface of the cornea, anterior lens capsule, and posterior lens capsule. When viewed from different angles, can be used to localize intraocular opacities.
Purkinje network
a reticulum of modified muscle fibers in the subendocardial tissue of the cardiac ventricles.
Purkinje neuron
see Purkinje cell (above).
References in periodicals archive ?
NSP-A es expresado exclusivamente en la zona proliferativa de la corteza fetal y luego en las celulas de Purkinje del cerebelo y es el unico de los dos transcritos cuya expresion se afecta en caso de hipotiroidismo materno.
Qualitative assessment of micrographs localized the greater mitochondrial density particularly to Purkinje dendrites in the ML of ETS-exposed animals relative to controls (Figures 4C,C').
In order to extract optical features, we used the distance between the 1st and 4th Purkinje images (dual Purkinje images).
Even though significant cerebellar Purkinje cell loss remained following early alcohol exposure, an increase in the number of synaptic connections for each of the remaining Purkinje cells was found, showing the capacity for synaptic plasticity (Klintsova et al.
You can see light reflect off the back of the lens to make Purkinje image IV (P4).
L-serine and glycine serve as major astroglia-derived trophic factors for cerebellar Purkinje neurons.
Chronic ingestion of ethanol has been shown to result in a progressive deposition of lipofuscin in rat hippocampal neurons (Borges, Paula-Barbosa and Volk, 1986), rat cerebellar Purkinje cells (Lewandowska, Kujawa and Jedrzejewska, 1994), and rat peripheral sympathetic neurons (Jaatinen, Kiianmaa and Hervonen, 1992), a process that can underlie the ethanol-induced loss of neurons and synapses (Paula-Barbosa, Brandao, Madeira and Cadete-Leite, 1993).
About 60% of these patients will have atrophy of the cerebellum shown on MRI, and there is loss of Purkinje cells, which is not reversible.
De igual importancia fue su hallazgo de los contactos sinapticos entre las fibras trepadoras provenientes de los ganglios de la protuberancia y las celulas de Purkinje, ya descritas por el histologo checo en 1838 (2-4).
Indeed, by inhibitory interneurons like basket and satellite cells associated by dendrites of Golgi cells, it can modify any exciting volley entering through parallel and climbing fibers to Purkinje cells.