pulmonary artery catheter

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Related to pulmonary artery catheter: central venous catheter

Swan-·Ganz cath·e·ter

(swahn ganz),
a balloon-tipped flexible catheter commonly used in the treatment of critically ill patients; introduced via a major peripheral vein, usually jugular or subclavian, and floated under pressure waveform guidance, with or without fluoroscopy, sequentially through the right atrium, right ventricle, and pulmonary artery, ultimately to wedge, when the balloon is inflated, in a small arterial branch where the tip measures pressure-transmitted retrograde from the left side of the heart, which is assumed to represent left ventricular end-diastolic pressure; side holes allow measurement of central venous pressure; with the balloon deflated, catheter measures pulmonary artery systolic, diastolic, and mean pressures; also allows infusion via catheter; some catheters are fitted with pacing electrodes.

Swan-Ganz cath·e·ter

(swahn ganz kath'ĕ-tĕr)
A thin (5 Fr), flexible, flow-directed venous catheter using a balloon to carry it through the heart to a pulmonary artery; when it is positioned in a small arterial branch, pulmonary wedge pressure is measured in front of the temporarily inflated and wedged balloon.
Synonym(s): pulmonary artery catheter.

pulmonary artery catheter

A catheter inserted into the pulmonary artery to measure pulmonary artery pressures, pulmonary capillary wedge pressure, and, indirectly, left atrial pressure and cardiac output.
See also: catheter
References in periodicals archive ?
Current use of the pulmonary artery catheter. Current Opinion in Critical Care, 15, 249-253.
Before initiation of CPB, the pulmonary artery catheter should be shortly placed into the pulmonary artery to measure the actual pulmonary artery pressures (PAP) and cardiac output.
In order to perform the CO measurements, 5mL boluses of cold saline solution (0.9% NaCl) were administered into the central venous port of the pulmonary artery catheter. This solution was always administered by the same person at the end of expiration.
The pulmonary artery catheter is based on indicator transit through only the right side of the heart with a sensor placed in the pulmonary artery.
This was again accompanied by a controversial editorial titled "Is it time to pull the pulmonary artery catheter?" (22).
Use of a pulmonary artery catheter to titrate therapy aimed at lowering pulmonary capillary wedge pressure didn't affect the primary end points of mortality or days hospitalized during the next 6 months, compared with therapy guided solely by clinical assessment, in the Evaluation Study of Congestive Heart Failure and Pulmonary Artery Catheterization Effectiveness (ESCAPE), Lynne W.
A continuous systemic urokinase infusion at 100,000 IU/hour was continued through the distal lumen of the pulmonary artery catheter for a further 24 hours, improving filling of the lower lobe pulmonary arteries on CTPA.
While the continuous thermodilution technique using a pulmonary artery catheter (PAC) is used widely and is considered to be equivalent to bolus thermodilution (1,2), less invasive methods are desirable.
A pulmonary artery catheter (PAC) was inserted in the right internal jugular vein under ultrasound guidance.
The pulmonary artery catheter (PAC) has been widely used and can provide important clinical information for perioperative management (1).
The pulmonary artery catheter therefore evolved from a diagnostic tool into a monitoring device during these early studies.

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