clinopodioides are: Pulegone
, Iso menthone, menthol, menthone 1,8-cineole, thymol, pcymene, carvacrol, terpinen-4-01 and Linalool (Kivanc and Akguel, 1986; Baser et al.
Menthone, menthol, pulegone
, menthofuran, and other terpenes have been found to be principal constituents of Mentha longifolia (L.
Familiar taxa + * Bacteria, antibiotic resistance traits for use * Cactus, spine in each item * Cheetah, speed * Elm, winged seed * Fish, fins * Fly, wing * Grape, tendrils * Lily, petals * Locust, DDT resistance * Mouse, claws * Oak, nut * Opossum, tail * Penguin, flightless * Rose, thorns * Salamander, eyesight * Snail, foot * Snail, poison * Snail, teeth Unfamiliar * Dodder, haustoria and unknown * Labiatae, Pulegone
taxa + traits * Prosimian, tarsi for use in each * Shrew, incisors item * Suricata, pollex
Other constituents of the oil are phellandrene, [alpha]- and [beta]-pinene, jasmone, pulegone
, trans-sabinene hydrate, acetaldehyde, acetic acid, valeric acid, etc.
Concentrations of nine alkenylbenzenes, coumarin, piperonal and pulegone
in Indian bidi cigarette tobacco.
They include organic acids (acetic, benzoic, cinnamic and phenylacetic); alcohols (benzyl alcohol, borneol, cinnamyl alcohol, citronellol, geraniol, linalool, menthol, phenylethyl alcohol and terpineol); aldehydes (anisic aldehyde, cinnamic aldehyde, benzaldehyde, citral, piperonal or heliotropin, salicylic aldehyde and vanillin); ketones (carvones, camphor, thujone, pulegone
, etc; esters such as bornyl acetate, methyl salicylate, benzyl benzoate, geranyl acetate and linalyl acetate); phenols (thymol, carvacrol and chavicol); phenol ethers (anethol, eugenol and safrol) and many other more complex compounds such as coumarin and indol.
Mountain mint, pennyroyals and Hedeoma pulegioides, and corn mint, all contain high levels of pulegone
, a compound that repels fleas, ticks, and mosquitoes.
2011) showing that R(+) pulegone
impairs the cardiac contractility by reducing [Ca.
Spearmint oil contains monoterpenoids like carvone, limonene, menthone, menthol, pulegone
, dihydrocarveol and s-carvone.
Similar efforts are already under way in the United States, including NTP-funded studies on ginkgo, echinacea, ginseng, kava kava, and the plant compounds pulegone
Neomenthol, menthofuran, limonene, piperitone, pulegone
, [beta]-caryophyllene, and germacrene D occurred in quantities over 1%.
Limonene, a-cubebene and pulegone
were also present, among other minor constituents.