phthalates

(redirected from Pthalate)
Also found in: Encyclopedia.

phthalates

(thăl′ātes)
Chemical compounds used to improve the flexibility of plastics. In health care, phthalates are used in devices such as intravenous tubing. They are also used in numerous consumer goods, including nail polish, soaps, shampoos, and vinyl, among many others. Some evidence suggests these compounds may have carcinogenic, endocrine disruptive, or other toxic effects on adults or the developing fetus.
References in periodicals archive ?
Adsorption of benzoate, p-OH benzoate, salicylate, and pthalate ions.
A representative formula contains the following ingredients: Ethyl acetate, butyl acetate, propyl acetate, nitrocellulose, tosylamide/epoxy resin, dibutyl pthalate, isopropyl alcohol, styrene/acrylates copolymer, stearalkonium hectorite/bentonite, camphor, benzophenone-1, etocrylene; and may contain: guanine, bismuth oxychloride, mica, titanium dioxide, iron oxides, ferric ammonium ferrocynide, FD & C yellow No.5 aluminum lake, D & C red No.6 barium lake, D & C red No.
The first project, Hoechst Ravi Chemical Limited, is based on petrochemicals and will produce 15,000 tonnes of Di-Octyle Pthalate, 11,600 tonnes Phthalic Anhydride and 580 tonnes of Maelic Anhydride annually.
To overcome this problem, di-2(ethyl hexyl pthalate), (DOP), was used for a plasticizer.
The first project, Hoechst Ravi Chemical Limited is based on petrochemicals and will produce 15,000 tonnes of Di-Octyle Pthalate, 11,600 tonnes Pthalic Anhydride and 580 tonnes of Maelic Anhydride annually.
This beautifully styled retro toy racing car by Ooh Noo is made using eco-friendly materials, including spruce fibres mixed with ABS - no harmful glue, no pthalates, BPA or PVC.
"One of the most dangerous group of chemicals are pthalates, chemical additives that are used to make polycarbonates or softer plastic more strong.
Toxic chemicals in the environment - lead, pesticides, toxic air pollutants, pthalates, and bisphenol A - are important causes of disease in children, and they are found in our homes, at our schools, in the air we breathe, and in the products we use every day."
There is already a widespread concern over the potential health risks of pthalates, a group of chemicals found in plastics, cosmetics, household products and food packaging.
HERBALIX RESTORATIVES offers a line of hair products containing 95% organic ingredients the company says are free of petroleum and all synthetic chemicals--even the bottle is free of BPA (pthalates).
The Flex Ole polymers are fully recyclable, meet or exceed the performance requirements of PVC, and avoid the use of a variety of toxins common in various applications of PVC, including dioxins and pthalates. The TPO polymers match the best properties of PVC including flame retardation, high colorization, stability against ultraviolet light degradation, inherent microbial and fungal resistance, and the look and feel of flexible vinyl.
Lead is well known for damaging the nervous system, while research suggests polyvinyl chloride and pthalates in plastics can damage the liver and kidneys, disrupt hormone function and cause cancer.