pterygoid

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Related to Pterygoids: mylohyoid, temporalis

pterygoid

 [ter´ĭ-goid]
shaped like a wing.

pter·y·goid

(ter'i-goyd),
Wing-shaped; resembling a wing; a term applied to various anatomic parts relating to the sphenoid bone.
[G. pteryx (pteryg-), wing, + eidos, resemblance]

pterygoid

(tĕr′ĭ-goid′)
adj.
1. Of, relating to, or located in the region of the sphenoid bone: a pterygoid muscle.
2. Resembling a wing; winglike.
n.
Either of two processes descending from the body of the sphenoid bone.

pterygoid

(1) adjective Wing-shaped.  
(2) Lateral or medial pterygoid muscle.
(3) Lateral or medial pterygoid process of the sphenoid bone.
(4) A nerve that arises in the trunk of the mandibular nerve and gives rise to the nerve to the tensor tympani and to the tensor veli palatini.

pter·y·goid

(ter'i-goyd)
Wing-shaped; resembling a wing; a term applied to various anatomic parts relating to the sphenoid bone.
[G. pteryx (pteryg-), wing, + eidos, resemblance]

pterygoid

1. Wing-shaped.
2. Pertaining to two processes attached like wings to the body of the SPHENOID bone in the skull.
References in periodicals archive ?
For the evaluation and diagnosis of cysticercosis during the post mortem inspection at the slaughterhouse/ meat inspection plant, inspection agents from the Municipal Inspection Service - SIM working in slaughter inspection performed palpation and visual examination of the heads, viscera and carcasses of the animals as well as incisions of lymph nodes, masseter muscles, pterygoid muscles, tongue, heart, muscular portion and pillars of the diaphragm, esophagus, and muscles from the front quarter and hindquarter of the carcasses.
In ventral view the basioccipital is barely exposed; it is ventrally covered by the pterygoids. The basioccipital condyle articulates with the atlas-axis complex, so its morphology remains unknown.
All Mabuya species present viviparous reproduction, smooth scales, lower eyelid with a semi-transparent disc, pterygoid teeth absent, and 25-31 presacral vertebrae (Mausfeld et al.
MRI Check: Evidence of large lobulated diffuse soft tissue mass is present in the right pterygoid space.
The intervention group was treated with a onetime single intervention of localized, intraoral, vibration therapy to three muscles bilaterally: the medial and lateral pterygoid, and the masseter.
Many studies have indicated that JNA originates in the pterygopalatine fossa at the aperture of the pterygoid canal.
The pterygoid fossa is shallow and its shelf practically absent, the hystricognathous groove defined only medially; the masseteric fossa is stronger and better defined.
Patients with functional disorders of the masticatory muscles usually present with myalgia or muscular pain.6 Where pain is the primary symptom, it is imperative that the source of pain be identified.7 One key to locating the exact source of pain is that local provocation should accentuate the pain.8 While muscles such as masseter and temporalis may be easier to provoke by means of digital palpation, the same may not be easily applicable to the pterygoids.
Botulinum toxin injections are delivered to those muscles that appear to be the most spasmodic, usually the temporalis, masseter, and medial and lateral pterygoids. Injections into the pterygoids must be made with EMG guidance.
Little was found about MOT in Current literature especially of lateral and medial pterygoids and there is no universally accepted protocol for the management of such cases.