For the evaluation and diagnosis of cysticercosis during the post mortem inspection at the slaughterhouse/ meat inspection plant, inspection agents from the Municipal Inspection Service - SIM working in slaughter inspection performed palpation and visual examination of the heads, viscera and carcasses of the animals as well as incisions of lymph nodes, masseter muscles, pterygoid
muscles, tongue, heart, muscular portion and pillars of the diaphragm, esophagus, and muscles from the front quarter and hindquarter of the carcasses.
In ventral view the basioccipital is barely exposed; it is ventrally covered by the pterygoids
. The basioccipital condyle articulates with the atlas-axis complex, so its morphology remains unknown.
All Mabuya species present viviparous reproduction, smooth scales, lower eyelid with a semi-transparent disc, pterygoid
teeth absent, and 25-31 presacral vertebrae (Mausfeld et al.
MRI Check: Evidence of large lobulated diffuse soft tissue mass is present in the right pterygoid
The intervention group was treated with a onetime single intervention of localized, intraoral, vibration therapy to three muscles bilaterally: the medial and lateral pterygoid
, and the masseter.
Shape of the vomer among posterior process of the pterygoids
: 1- wide; 2- intermediate; 3- narrow.
Many studies have indicated that JNA originates in the pterygopalatine fossa at the aperture of the pterygoid
fossa is shallow and its shelf practically absent, the hystricognathous groove defined only medially; the masseteric fossa is stronger and better defined.
Patients with functional disorders of the masticatory muscles usually present with myalgia or muscular pain.6 Where pain is the primary symptom, it is imperative that the source of pain be identified.7 One key to locating the exact source of pain is that local provocation should accentuate the pain.8 While muscles such as masseter and temporalis may be easier to provoke by means of digital palpation, the same may not be easily applicable to the pterygoids
Botulinum toxin injections are delivered to those muscles that appear to be the most spasmodic, usually the temporalis, masseter, and medial and lateral pterygoids
. Injections into the pterygoids
must be made with EMG guidance.
Little was found about MOT in Current literature especially of lateral and medial pterygoids
and there is no universally accepted protocol for the management of such cases.