psychoactive drug

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psychoactive drug

Substance abuse An agent that provides pleasure or ameliorates pain, and may cause physical dependence and tolerance, with a tendency to ↑ dose in order to achieve the same effect; use of non-prescribed psychoactive agents may be 'social' or casual, or evolve into frank addiction; in descending order of addictive potential cocaine/'crack', amphetamines, opiates, nicotine, alcohol, benzodiazepine, barbiturates, cannabis, hallucinogens, caffeine Therapeutics An agent that improves the ability to function appropriately in clinical settings–eg, psych ward, nursing home Types Antidepressants–eg, desipramine, nortryptyline, antipsychotics–eg, haloperidol, thioridazine, benzodiazepines–eg, lorazepam, diazepam, and other hypnotics–eg, diphenhydramine

psy·cho·ac·tive drug

(sīkō-aktiv drŭg)
Pharmacotherapeutic agent that possesses action to alter mood, behavior, cognitive processes, or mental stress.
References in periodicals archive ?
We hav' e m' ade it a criminal offence to possess psychoactive substances in prison and trained more than 300 sniffer dogs specifically to detect these drugs.
He said: "I've been contacted by prison officers from across Scotland who all have the same concerns and experiences dealing with prisoners under the influence of psychoactive substances, and it's clear from the figures I have obtained this is becoming a major issue in our overcrowded jails.
We have developed a new psychoactive substance strategy and action plan."
Black Mamba is a psychoactive substance that looks like cannabis but is cheaper and more potent.
"The PDEA called them as new psychoactive substances (NPS), or chemicals that are not listed or prohibited under RA 9165 but can be used or mixed with locally available chemicals to produce party drugs such as ecstasy," said Barbers, who chairs the House committee on dangerous drugs.
Inspectors warned: "The safety and stability of the prison was clearly being adversely affected by the high volume of illicit drugs, particularly new psychoactive substances, which were available.
The HM Prison and Probation Service (HMPPS) has agreed to work with the RCN to update its guidance so it reflects the reality of clinical staff dealing with unpredictable and dangerous psychoactive substances.
He added: "Since the act came into force, more than 300 retailers across the United Kingdom have closed down or are no longer selling psychoactive substances.
The meeting dedicated to prevention and therapeutic treatment of the use and abuse with new psychoactive substances (NPS) was organised jointly by the Ministry of Interior and the Ministry of Health.
The Misuse of Drugs Act (MDA, 1971) is the primary legislation for controlling psychoactive substances in the UK and is distinguished by ABC classes of their harmfulness.
The meeting, which involved representatives from the prison, the ambulance service, police and the fire service was held to update them on information relating to new psychoactive substances.

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