Psychoactive drugs


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Psychoactive drugs

Any drug that affects the mind or behavior. There are five main classes of psychoactive drugs: opiates and opioids (e.g. heroin and methadone); stimulants (e.g. cocaine, nicotine), depressants (e.g. tranquilizers, antipsychotics, alcohol), hallucinogens (e.g. LSD), and marijuana and hashish.
Mentioned in: Methadone
References in periodicals archive ?
Since 1961, the 185 countries that signed the Convention have been expected to implement its irrational and harmful rules, which exclude two of the most harmful psychoactive drugs, alcohol and tobacco.
Based on the patients' medical history and clinical characteristics (61 years old female; developed double eyelid spasm, twitches of mouth and cheek; no abnormal MRI of her head or thyroid dysfunction; no facial trauma history), the diagnosis was Meige syndrome, and the aggravation of the conditions were related to the psychoactive drugs.
For years synthetic psychoactive drugs have been pouring out of criminal laboratories into our high streets and jails, where they have caused scores of deaths.
Since the mid-1990s, the drug scene in Hong Kong has entered a "New Drug Era", characterised by an upsurge in the use of psychoactive drugs such as ecstasy and ketamine among young drug users, and heroin being replaced by psychoactive drugs as the drugs of choice.
Julien's Primer of Drug Action: A Comprehensive Guide to the Actions, Uses, and Side Effects of Psychoactive Drugs, 13th Edition
Benzodiazepine (BZD), often called "benzos", are a class of psychoactive drugs resulting in sedative and hynotic and anti-anxiety properties.
5) The use of psychoactive drugs by prisoners means healthcare staff often struggle to distinguish between genuinely mentally-ill inmates and those who are just suffering drug side-effects.
There were 67 deaths involving new psychoactive drugs, sometimes referred to as "legal highs".
There were also 67 deaths involving new psychoactive drugs (NPS) - sometimes referred to as "legal highs" or designer drugs - in 2014, but initial indications suggest an upward trend in NPSlinked fatalities has now stabilised.
Drugs that are not regulated by the Convention on Psychotropic Drugs of the United Nations of 1971 are called New Psychoactive Drugs (NPD) (United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime, 2013).
LSD is one of the most potent known psychoactive drugs and was used in the 1950s and 1960s as an aid to psychotherapy for various psychiatric illnesses.
Still others ingest ayahuasca or other intense psychoactive drugs.

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