psychiatry

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psychiatry

 [si-ki´ah-tre]
the branch of health science that deals with the study, treatment, and prevention of mental disorders. adj., adj psychiat´ric.
biological psychiatry that which emphasizes biochemical, pharmacological, and neurological causes and treatment approaches.
community psychiatry the branch of psychiatry concerned with the detection, prevention, and treatment of mental disorders in a designated geographical area, with emphasis on environmental factors.
descriptive psychiatry psychiatry based on the study of observable symptoms and behavioral phenomena, rather than underlying psychodynamic processes.
dynamic psychiatry psychiatry based on the study of the mental mechanisms and emotional processes that govern and motivate human behavior, rather than observable behavioral phenomena.
forensic psychiatry that dealing with the legal aspects of mental disorders.
geriatric psychiatry geropsychiatry.
preventive psychiatry a broad term referring to the amelioration, control, and limitation of psychiatric disability.
social psychiatry that concerned with the cultural and social factors that engender, precipitate, intensify, or prolong maladaptive patterns of behavior and complicate treatment.

psy·chi·a·try

(sī-kī'ă-trē),
1. The medical specialty concerned with the diagnosis and treatment of mental disorders.
2. For some types of psychiatry not listed below, see also subentries under therapy, psychotherapy, psychoanalysis.
Synonym(s): psychiatrics
[psych- + G. iatreia, medical treatment]

psychiatry

(sĭ-kī′ə-trē, sī-)
n.
The branch of medicine that deals with the diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of mental and emotional disorders.

psy′chi·at′ric (sī′kē-ăt′rĭk), psy′chi·at′ri·cal (-rĭ-kəl) adj.
psy′chi·at′ri·cal·ly adv.

psychiatry

The medical specialty concerned with physical and chemical interactions in the brain and how they affect mental and emotional processes; the study, treatment, and prevention of mental illness. See Consultation-liaison psychiatry, Forensic psychiatry, Geriatric psychiatry, Neuropsychiatry, Orthomolecular psychiatry, Orthopsychiatry.

psy·chi·a·try

(sī-kī'ă-trē)
The medical specialty concerned with the diagnosis and treatment of mental disorders.
[psych- + G. iatreia, medical treatment]

psychiatry

The branch of medicine concerned with the management of mental illness and emotional and behavioural problems. Compare PSYCHOLOGY.

psy·chi·a·try

, psychiatrics (sī-kī'ă-trē, sīkē-atriks)
Medical specialty concerned with diagnosis and treatment of mental disorders.
[psych- + G. iatreia, medical treatment]
References in periodicals archive ?
It is clinically useful to distinguish between assorted commonly occurring, alcohol-induced psychiatric symptoms and signs on the one hand and frank alcohol-induced psychiatric syndromes on the other hand.
The diagnostic criteria of the DSM-IV and DSM-IV-TR do not clearly distinguish between alcohol-related psychiatric symptoms and signs and alcohol-induced psychiatric syndromes. Instead, these criteria sets state more broadly that any alcohol-related psychiatric complaint that fits the definition given in the paragraph above and which "warrants independent clinical attention" be labeled an alcohol-induced disorder (APA 1994, 2000).
He describes diagnosis, risk factors, localization of mental functions, and relevant pharmacology, then concentrates on psychiatric syndromes that may occur in association with the stroke, including dysfunction in speaking and understanding, seeing, believing and trusting, hurting, touching and feeling, and sex, along with such conditions as apathy and failure to rehabilitate, anger and violence, lack of inhibitions, paranoia and elusions, depression, anxiety, and dementia.
Evaluations for treatment are covered in the first eight chapters, which address the epidemiology and pathophysiology of traumatic brain injury, neuropsychiatric and psychiatric syndromes following traumatic brain injury, taking the brain injury history, the neuropsychiatric mental status and neurological examinations following traumatic brain injury, the use of structural and functional imaging in the assessment of traumatic brain injury, standardized neurocognitive assessment, behavioral assessment, and neurobehavioral analysis and treatment planning.
Corticosteroid use can cause a variety of psychiatric syndromes, including mania, psychosis, depression, and delirium.
Psychiatric syndromes such as chronic pain, substance use, and hypochondriasis and somatization disorder are discussed in separate chapters.
Although palliative medicine has traditionally focused on alleviating pain and physical suffering and optimizing patients' quality of life, its scope has widened in recent years to address conventionally defined psychiatric syndromes as well as broader psychosocial and existential issues within the domain of psychiatry.
(7) Approximately one-half have comorbid psychiatric syndromes. (8)
SAN DIEGO -- Agreement between the Children's Interview for Psychiatric Syndromes and the Schedule for Affective Disorders and Schizophrenia for School-Age Children ranges from 66% to 90%.
(19) A review of 79 cases of psychiatric syndromes induced by corticosteroids found that 41% reported depression, 28% mania, 6% mixed symptoms, and 14% psychosis.
While there is still a considerable amount of material on psychiatric syndromes and the major psychiatric diseases, for this edition, material on inherent disorders of personality has been reduced.
The tragedy is exacerbated when doctors do not realize the significant effects that psychiatric syndromes can have on cognition and think that patients are deliberately being noncompliant.

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