pdf), and conjunctiva and cloaca swabs were collected from all 94 psittacines
showing cutaneous lesions (27 birds) or not (67 birds).
These include Psittacine
Beak and Feather Disease circovirus, Tasmanian Devil Facial Tumour and the introduced Chytrid fungus in amphibians.
Not only are there still plenty of psittacine
cases, but also our clinic has identified numerous birds of prey with clinical signs and diagnostic evidence of chlamydiosis.
viruses and 5 passerine viruses have since been described (3,4).
Laminosioptes cysticola has been previously described in passerines (FAIN, 1981; STEWART, 1963), a psittacine
(FAIN, 1981) and pigeons (FAIN, 1981; TORO, 1999), both playing roles in harbouring and dissemination.
Occurrence of avian bornavirus infection in captive psittacines
in various European countries and its association with proventricular dilatation disease.
Preliminary studies of electrostimulation to facilitate manual semen collection in psittacines
Since then, 6 different ABV genotypes have been detected in psittacines
In addition, psittacines
are highly intelligent and extremely social.
To the Editor: Proventricular dilatation disease (PDD) is a fatal disease in psittacines
that jeopardizes critical species conservation projects, such as that involving the Spix's macaw (Cyanopsitta spixii), the world's most endangered bird species (1).
Although this genotype is the most commonly found worldwide in psittacine
birds, this case report describes the first avian chlamydiosis outbreak affecting critically endangered and endemic psittacines
subjected to reintegration programs in Mexico.
However, numerous outbreaks of fatal protozoan infections have been reported over the past 40 years, mainly among psittacines
of Australia that have been kept in aviaries (5,6).