Prototheca


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Prototheca

 [pro″to-the´kah]
a genus of ubiquitous yeastlike organisms generally considered as being achloric algae, occurring as spherical to elliptical cells containing thick-walled autospores. P. wickerha´mii and P. zop´fii are the species involved in human and animal infection. See also protothecosis.

Prototheca

(prō'tō-thē'kă),
A genus of an achlorophyllous alga; two species, Prototheca zopfii and Prototheca wickerhamii, cause protothecosis.
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There have been rare case reports of septic bursitis caused by Prototheca and Mycobacterium species, but this case will focus on a superficial infrapatellar bursitis caused by Pseudomonas aeruginosa in an immunocompromised patient [14,15].
La prototecosis es una enfermedad infecciosa rara que afecta a animales y seres humanos, causada por algas aclorofilicas del genero Prototheca, las cuales se encuentran distribuidas en todo el mundo, pudiendo hallarse en cuerpos de agua corriente o estancada, suelo, arboles, alimentos, leche de vaca y en las heces fecales de seres humanos y animales (2,) (4) .
Gonzalez, "Prototheca, yeast, and bacillus as a cause of mastitis," in Proceedings of the National Mastitis Council Annual Meeting, no.
Histopathology revealed nodular-to-diffuse, pyogranulomatous dermatitis and panniculitis (with lymphocytes, plasma cells, macrophages, and neutrophils) with numerous elements exhibiting Prototheca spp.
There was no evidence of ectoparasite, Prototheca or yeast.
Quanto a etiologia infecciosa das mastites ha que se considerar os patogenos contagiosos e ambientais, considerando-se multipla sua etiologia com a citacao de 137 microorganismos (3), destacando-se entre os contagiosos os Staphylococcus coagulase positivos (SCP) e os coagulase negativos (SCN), Sreptococcus agalactiae, Corynebacterium bovis, e Mycoplasma spp., como tambem algas aclorofiladas do genero Prototheca, com destaque para Prototheca zopfii.
Miscellaneous fungi and prototheca.In: Mandel GL, Bennett JE, Dolin R, (eds.).
The prevalence of Candida in the population studied was 71% (76/107) and the genuses different from Candida 16.8% (18/107) corresponded to Rhodotorula, Trichosporon, Saccharomyces, Cryptococcus, Kloeckera, and the Prototheca algae (Table 1); this was identified at genus level through microscopic observation of teaks and the species via API 20C Aux.
The infective organism, a Prototheca sp, is an achlorophyllic and ubiquitous algae.
Very high SCC ([greater than or equal to]5 million/ml) was connected with infections caused by Prototheca sp.