protein energy malnutrition

Also found in: Acronyms.

pro·tein en·er·gy mal·nu·tri·tion

(PEM) (prō'tēn en'ĕr-jē mal'nū-trish'ŭn)
A deficiency of protein, energy, or both that includes marasmus (or chronic PEM) and kwashiorkor (typically, acute PEM).
Synonym(s): protein kcalorie malnutrition.
References in periodicals archive ?
Hatem NL, Hassab HM, Abd Al-Rahman EM, El-Deeb SA and RL El Sayed Ahmed Prevalence of aflatoxins in blood and urine of Egyptian infants with protein energy malnutrition.
CKD Stage 4 Energy intake of at least 146 kJ/kg IBW/day (35 kcal/ Level II (2) kg IBW/day) with a moderate protein restriction to prevent protein energy malnutrition.
Enzyme linked immunosorbent assay was carried out to determine the plasmodium falciparum antibodies present in the study population by use of known antigens namely Liver Stage Antigen (LSA-1), Merozoite Surface Protein (MSP) and Circumsporozoite Surface Protein (CSP) [8] and to relate this to the protein energy malnutrition status [12].
Protein energy malnutrition (PEM) impairs cell-mediated immunity, phagocytic function, and the complement system.
A pilot study on the effects of curd (dahi) and leaf protein concentrate in children with protein energy malnutrition.
The malnutrition codes are E43=unspecified severe protein energy malnutrition, assigned to SGA-C; malnutrition code E44.
Background & objectives: Protein energy malnutrition (PEM), an important cause of secondary immune deficiency, is associated with several abnormalities in the immune system including cytokine production.
Protein energy malnutrition (PEM) contributes to more than 50% of the deaths of children under five years all over the developing countries [1].
Protein energy malnutrition (PEM) among children is still a major public health priority.
Protein energy malnutrition (PEM) is the most frequent cause of secondary immune deficiency in children especially in developing countries (1).