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Etymology: ME, duete, conduct
(in law) an obligation owed by one party to another. Duty may be established by statute or other legal process, as by contract or oath supported by statute, or it may be voluntarily undertaken. Every person has a duty of care to all other people to prevent causing harm or injury by negligence.


Medical malpractice The failure or alleged failure on the part of a physician or other health care provider to exercise ordinary, reasonable, usual, or expected care, prudence, or skill–that would usually and customarily be exercised by other reputable physicians treating similar Pts–in performing a legally recognized duty, resulting in forseeable harm, injury or loss to another; negligence may be an act of omission–ie, unintentional, or commission–ie, intentional, characterized by inattention, recklessness, inadvertence, thoughtlessness, or wantonness. See Adverse event, Comparative negligence, Contributory negligence, Gross negligence, Malpractice, Wanton negligence, Willful negligence. Cf Recklessness.
Negligence, required elements  
Duty A recognized relationship between Pt and physician
Breach Failure of a medical practitioner to practice in accordance with standard of care
Proximate cause The plaintiff must show that injury is reasonably connected to physician's action
Damages Plaintiff must show that alleged loss or damage has a quantifiable value such that a monetary payment can be made APLM 1997; 121:252


(doo′tē, dū′)
A social, professional, legal, or ethical expectation that compels a standard of performance; an obligation or requirement.


n that which is due from a person; that which a person owes to another; an obligation.
References in periodicals archive ?
The developed world currently funnels more than US$300 billion a year into an array of farm subsidies, export credits and protective tariffs.
Echoing complaints made by carbon steelmakers that eventually resulted in the Section 201 protective tariffS, the SSINA says the North American industry needs help if it is to avoid mill shutdowns, job losses and a loss of market share.
With a crabbed combination of compulsive secrecy, protective tariffs, erosion of privacy, an expanded federal role in education, and the creation of a new cabinet-level agency, the Bush administration recalls the grimly alienating and ideology-free Nixon administration more than it does the sunny, confident Reagan legacy to which it lays claim.
Opposition groups in the Mexican legislature have pushed through protective tariffs on high fructose and certain pork products within the past few months and other such tariff increases will prevent sales of food products from the United States reaching their full potential.
This has made the company highly competitive on the world stage, allowing it profits despite a slump in the market and protective tariffs on both sides of Suez.
Unemployment fell, and protective tariffs were removed or reduced.
textile industry enjoys protective tariffs of 25 to 33.
Malaysia has made a special request that it be allowed to maintain protective tariffs on automobile imports until 2005.
Kania said Ford was disappointed with the decision by ASEAN economic ministers early this month to consider a Malaysian request to maintain protective tariffs on automobile imports until 2005.
Republicans supported high protective tariffs and Democrats endorsed moderate tariffs for revenue purposes only.
Most historians agree that for Northern industrial and commercial interests, the Civil War was about protective tariffs and an attempt to bring Southern cotton to New England textile mills rather than to Britain and France.
But as I have argued ("The Myth of Free Trade Britain and Fortress France: Tariffs and Trade in the Nineteenth Century," Journal of Economic History 51 [March 1991]: 23-46) and subsequent research has revealed, the distinction between revenue tariffs and protective tariffs is not easy to make.