The most desirable feature of encapsulated vegetative propagules
is to retain their viability after storage for a reasonable period of time (Micheli et al., 2007; Rai et al., 2008).
The number of propagules
and their position on the inflorescence depends mostly on the timing and concentration of chlorflurenol.
Additionally, once introduced in a site, propagules
of these pathogens will move on their own following gravity and movement of water in waterways and in underground water tables (Maurel et al.
and how far macrophyte mats can go, is important to assess the dispersion potential of this invasive species.
Therefore, in order to avoid those drawbacks, it would be crucial that planting material represents a minimum level of intraspecific diversity to ensure that its progeny would not only be viable but also produce viable propagules
This likely occurred as a result of a higher density of infective propagules
in IV inoculum (156 per g), which was four times higher than that in PS inoculum (39 per g) as measured by Restrepo-Llano et al.
However, the mini-cutting presents some advantages over cuttings, as size reduction of cuttings and increased shoots productivity per area, and youth use of propagules
(DIAS et al., 2012).
Predation on propagules
and seedlings in mature and regenerating mangroves in the coast of Ceara, Brazil.
Experimental design: bioassays on mangrove propagules
Differences in growth and yield observed among the accessions may be attributed to non-uniformity in the size of the propagules
used for establishment of the trial, genotypic and/or climatic factors.
Possibilities include wind, transport of propagules
on the feet or in the gut of birds or other animals, or spillover between nearby pools during storms (e.g., Bohonak and Whiteman, 1999; Hulsmans et al., 2007; Graham and Wirth, 2008; Green et al., 2008; Vanschoen-winkel et al., 2008a, 2009; Brochet et al., 2010).