gattii exposure is probably the inhalation of infectious propagules
In perhaps an ultimate departure from normal plant sexual reproduction, propagules
of narcotic strains, generated by tissue culture, have been encapsulated to form "synthetic" or "artificial" seeds (Chandra et al.
To our knowledge, this is the first time the species has been reported in propagules
The main aims of the current study were to clarify on the basis of field studies and a greenhouse experiment (i) whether the slow natural re-vegetation of abandoned extracted peatlands is affected mainly by the propagules
arrival or by their germination and juvenile plant survival in unfavourable conditions, (ii) whether the areas of extracted peatlands located close to the forest have a higher potential for re-vegetation than the central parts of the peatlands, and (iii) whether the lack of nutrients influences the germination of the arriving propagules
and the number of species and plants.
During the rainy period, a greater number of infective AMF propagules
were recorded in the buffel grass system, regardless of the presence or absence of trees.
in a commercial rose nursery in 2007 and tree nursery in 2008 [Table omitted]
These included general reduction of damage due to flash flooding (including accelerated erosion of the stream channel), provision of high-quality forage for grazing by livestock, refugia for propagules
of numerous native species of plants, and diverse habitats for wildlife.
In the wake of the 2004 tsunami, mangrove seeds, called propagules
, became a much sought after commodity in Indonesia, selling for a few cents each, as countries began replanting the protective forests.
example, eddies--that suspend propagules
(216) of fouling organisms for
In general, the process of biofouling on a surface consist of four essential stages which begins with (i) macromolecular adsorption; (ii) bacterial colonization; (iii) surface fouling by diatoms and protozoans and (iv) establishment of unicellular and multicellular epibionts such as invertebrate larvae and algal propagules
(Qian et al.
In van der Valk's (1981) model of freshwater wetland vegetation dynamics, two basic types of wetland species are recognized: (1) species with long-lived propagules
that are in the wetland seedbank and can grow when suitable conditions occur, and (2) species with short-lived propagules
that can only grow in the wetland if they reach it during a period when conditions are suitable for germination.
Generally, Vetiver grass propagules
are available in bundles of rooted slips bearing 3-5 tillers each.