The positive effect of the application of IBA on the greater emission of adventitious roots was observed in other forest species, mainly in rejuvenated propagules
(STUEPP et al.
size and predispersal damage by insects affect establishment and early of mangrove seedlings.
of Laguncularia racemosa, Avicennia schaueriana and Rhizophora mangle were harvested from mangrove swamps in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil and planted in perforated plastic bags (30 x 18 cm) filled with 0.
Modi (2007) also reported that crop stand establishment was significantly lowered by the planting of smaller propagules
of taro compared with the medium and large propagules
and this in turn determines the yield.
It is frequently assumed that wind dispersal of propagules
of aquatic invertebrates is inefficient and effective only over short distances (e.
retained in the first two meshes were immediately fixed and all the sediment retained in the last sieve was fixed and preserved in alcohol 70%.
Dispersal distances and predation rates of sexual and asexual propagules
of Allium vineale L.
ramorum would be able survive in finished compost if resting propagules
are introduced directly into it, as such propagules
have been isolated and germinated from inhospitable substrates including tires and sneaker soles (Davidson et al.
In contrast to the male flowers, the female perianth is not at all recognizable as tepals, consisting of a thin undivided layer adhering to the ovary (this unusual anatomical feature is very important ecologically as discussed in the "Evolution of Propagules
Under Domestication" section, and for classification purposes, as discussed in the "Classification and Nomenclatural Issues" section).
Viviparity and the long-lived propagules
allow mangrove species to disperse over wide areas.
In March 2012, dead propagules
from different zones of the Ramsar site No.
In the rainy season, the areas in the initial stage of succession had a greater number of infective propagules
than the in other areas (180 propagules