These practitioners are more likely to use diagnostic tests, and may use projective tests
. Often their firm aim is to diagnose the nature of the problem which is concerning the client, so as to refer the client to an appropriate person or to implement some type of treatment.
The Brazilian Projective Test
of Reaction to Frustration (TBRFP) is composed of 31 drawings.
Nevertheless, Skinner (1936, 1953/2003) still listed the advantages of such an instrument, considering that projective tests
create a laboratory situation, enabling control over stimuli in the observation of behaviour and facilitating the emergence of behaviours that are not known by the subject, especially the verbal ones.
One of the most striking characteristic of this projective test
is drawing a human figure that is nearly universal form of drawing.
(25) We believe that there is a need in South Africa for more and valid tests of psychological constructs other than intelligence, such as personality inventories, projective tests
and self-report measures of emotional variables such as anxiety, anger, etc., for use in all cultural groups.
His Child Dissociative Checklist (CDC) score by the mother was 28, which signifies significant dissociative psychopathology (maximum score is 40) (13) His Rorschach projective test
revealed difficulties in adjusting to a new environment; excessive somatic ruminations; vigorous anxiety in relation to his mother and to reality.
Within school psychology, personality tests and projective tests
have been noted to be "extremely" helpful in identifying emotional disorders (Knauss, 2001).
Cartoons and stick figures are useless when analyzing drawings as projective tests
and are hypothesized to be an avoidance technique by not becoming personally involved with the examiner (Kopptiz, 1968).
Limitations of projective tests
include the extensive training required for their proper administration, scoring, and interpretation; demands on the clinician's time in administering and scoring them; controversies in scoring methods; variability in interpretation among clinicians; validity of psychoanalytic theory; lack of validity scales; susceptibility to coaching and malingering (particularly with presence of the Internet); and inability to assess cognitive deficits.
Also, instructions are provided for authors who wish to retain copyright to a new test or questionnaire, while caution is still advised for use of commercial intelligence or projective tests
They appeared "overtly adult," trying to "play the mother," but often remaining only "the deprived little girl." On their projective tests
, as in their relations with their children, some continued to be "fixed more on a sibling level than on a maternal level." In one extreme case, a forty-year-old who had long been an auxiliary mother to her brothers readily acknowledged that she had become only "one of the children in her own home." She recalled that shortly after her first child was born, she had already begun to cede "the mothering and physical care" of the infant to her husband.
For example, it is elementary that psychological tests tend to be grouped into categories called objective and projective tests