silk

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silk

 
the protein filament produced by the larvae of various insects; silk obtained from the cocoons of the silkworm Bombyx mori is washed to remove the gum and braided for use as a nonabsorbable suture material. Silk from which the gum has not been removed, known as virgin silk, is used for extremely fine sutures in ophthalmic surgery.

silk

(silk),
The fibers or filaments obtained from the cocoon of the silkworm.

silk

Surgery A silkworm–Bombyx mori protein-based absorbable suture material, favored by many surgeons due to its superior handling characteristics; with time, silk loses strength and thus is not used for prosthetics–eg, Teflon vascular grafts or prosthetic heart valves, which require permanent sutures. Cf Catgut.

silk

(silk)
The fibers or filaments obtained from the cocoon of the silkworm.
[O.E. sioloc, fr. Chinese]