SARS

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SARS

 
severe acute respiratory syndrome.

SARS

(sahrz),

SARS

(särz)
n.
A severe, contagious respiratory illness caused by a coronavirus, characterized by high fever, malaise, dry cough, and pneumonia.

SARS

Severe acute respiratory syndrome Virology A potentially severe and fatal RTI caused by coronavirus. See Coronavirus.
SARS  WHO case definitions
Suspected SARS  
• High fever P> 38ºC
• Respiratory Sx Cough, or SOB, or dyspnea
• Contact Close contact with a person previously diagnosed with SARS–having cared for, lived with, or had direct contact with bodily secretions of a person with SARS
Probable SARS Pt meets criteria of a suspected case and there is radiologic evidence of infiltrates consistent with pneumonia or respiratory distress syndrome l

SARS

Abbreviation for severe acute respiratory syndrome.

SARS

Acronym for Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome, the epidemic lung infection that started in Guangdong province and Hong Kong in early 2003 and spread rapidly to many parts of the world. The virus is a new coronavirus and has the largest genome of any RNA virus yet found. The genome was sequenced in May 2003. SARS features fever, influenza-like symptoms, and X-ray appearances of infiltrates of variable density compatible with pneumonia. The mortality increases with age and may be as high as 50 per cent in patients over 65. Treatment is with antiviral drugs such as ribavirin in combination with antibiotics such as levofloxacin or clarithromycin. The angiotensin-converting enzyme 2 has been identified as the receptor for the coronavirus.

SARS

Abbreviation for severe acute respiratory syndrome.
References in periodicals archive ?
The highest percentage of persons who had suspect or probable SARS diagnosed subsequently were among HCWs exposed to a SARS patient (0.34%), family members of a SARS patient (0.33%), and persons on the same airplane flight who sat within three rows of a SARS patient (0.36%).
The seventh probable SARS victim is a 42-year-old truck driver who often went to Singapore, Ismail said.
case of suspect or probable SARS actually had SARS.
The ''low'' pattern for Hubei, Jiangsu and Shaanxi means that the ''imported probable SARS case (cases) have produced only one generation of local probable cases, all of whom are direct personal contacts of the imported case (cases).''
Specimens from all patients with probable SARS in Taiwan were serologically tested for case confirmation, with a particular focus on the convalescent-phase serum specimens, as previously reported (9).
The Beijing office of the World Health Organization (WHO) said Friday doctors in Beijing failed to count some of probable SARS patients with light symptoms, and said this was reflected in official reports of a slowdown of infection in the Chinese capital in recent days.
All of them fit the World Health Organization (WHO) case definition for probable SARS, i.e., temperature [greater than or equal to] 38[degrees]C, cough or shortness of breath, new pulmonary infiltrates on chest radiograph, and a history of exposure to a SARS patient or of living in an area of on-going SARS transmission (14).
During November 1, 2002-June 18, 2003, a total of 8,465 probable SARS cases were reported to 'WHO from 29 countries, including 75 from the United States; 801 deaths (case-fatality proportion: 9.5%) have been reported, with no SARS-related deaths reported from the United States (1).
According to the WHO, a high pattern of transmission means ''local probable cases occurring among persons who have not been previously identified as known contacts of probable SARS cases.''
A large proportion of these SARS outbreaks occurred in hospitals, and 21% of probable SARS cases involved healthcare workers (1).
During November 1,2002-June 11,2003, a total of 8,435 probable SARS cases were reported to WHO from 29 countries, including 70 from the United States; 789 deaths (case-fatality proportion: 9.4%) have been reported, with no SARS-related deaths reported from the United States (1).
On Monday, Taiwan revised the number of probable SARS cases from 55 to 66, with the 11 new cases from hardest-hit Taipei Ho Ping hospital, the first hospital outbreak discovered on the island.

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