primer(redirected from Primer (disambiguation))
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1. A molecule, which may be a small polymer, that initiates the synthesis of a larger structure. Synonym(s): starter
2. A pheromone that causes a long-term physiologic change.
Farlex Partner Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012
Genetics A segment of DNA or RNA that is complementary to a given DNA sequence and that is needed to initiate replication by DNA polymerase.
The American Heritage® Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2007, 2004 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
1. A short RNA sequence paired with one DNA strand that provides a free 3’-OH end on which synthesis of a deoxyribonycleotide chain can start.
2. The short nucleotide sequence used to start the POLYMERASE CHAIN REACTION (PCR) process.
Collins Dictionary of Medicine © Robert M. Youngson 2004, 2005
primera short OLIGONUCLEOTIDE, which is required for the functioning of various POLYMERASES. In DNA REPLICATION, the primer is a short RNA sequence that anneals to the DNA TEMPLATE and is extended by DNA POLYMERASE. In the POLYMERASE CHAIN REACTION, the primer is a short oligonucleotide that initiates the PCR. In OLIGONUCLEOTIDE-DIRECTED MUTAGENESIS, the synthetic oligonucleotide used to introduce the mutation is a mutagenic primer that initiates DNA synthesis.
Collins Dictionary of Biology, 3rd ed. © W. G. Hale, V. A. Saunders, J. P. Margham 2005