Parameters Baseline Short term LV EF (%) 22 [+ or -] 5.68 26.8 [+ or -] 7.93 LV EDD (mm) 66.0 [+ or -] 8.60 64.8 [+ or -] 8.10 LV ESD (mm) 58.7 [+ or -] 9.74 56.1 [+ or -] 9.79 TAPSE 1.3 [+ or -] 0.41 1.5 [+ or -] 0.42 Parameters Long term p value p value (baseline to (baseline to short term) long term) LV EF (%) 26.9 [+ or -] 10.72 <0.001 0.014 LV EDD (mm) 66.0 [+ or -] 9.28 0.331 0.975 LV ESD (mm) 57.4 [+ or -] 18.76 0.079 0.408 TAPSE 1.6 [+ or -] 0.44 0.018 <0.001 Parameters p value (short to long term) LV EF (%) 0.983 LV EDD (mm) 0.302 LV ESD (mm) 0.373 TAPSE 0.019 LV: left ventricle, EF: ejection fraction, EDD: end diastolic dimension, ESD: end systolic dimension, EDV: end diastolic volume, ESV: end systolic volume, and TAPSE: tricuspid annular presystolic
time, five-point place on anterior mitral leaflet, one point in junction of anterior mitral leaflet and septum and five-point in left atrium as shown in Figure 1.
The venous waveform in pregnant women also showed diminished phasic oscillations due to elevated presystolic
Palpation to the left of the sternum revealed the systolic lift of right ventricular hypertrophy, and on auscultation at the cardiac apex, with the patient lying on his left side, a loud first heart sound, a soft opening snap, and a low-pitched diastolic rumble with presystolic
accentuation were heard.