prelingual deafness


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Related to prelingual deafness: postlingual hearing loss, postlingual deafness

pre·lin·gual deaf·ness

hearing impairment occurring before development of speech and language skills.
Hearing loss that precedes the onset of speech or learning spoken language; it is severe, stable, and less common than post-lingual hearing loss.
Aetiology Prelingual hearing loss is largely inherited: 50% are monogenic, 75% are autosomal recessive; 20%, autosomal dominant; 5%, X-linked recessive; the rest are caused by perinatal factors, infections in infancy or trauma

prelingual deafness

Hearing impairment that is present in infancy and childhood, before language skills are acquired.
See also: deafness
References in periodicals archive ?
Fryauf-Bertschy, "Results of multichannel cochlear implants in congenital an acquired prelingual deafness in children: five-year follow-up," American Journal of Otology, vol.
This article presented a review of the literature on the efficacy of cochlear implants with young children with prelingual deafness. It provided a description of cochlear implants, reviewed the research on their efficacy from the perspective of speech and language development, and discussed implications for early childhood educators who may serve young cochlear implant recipients.