prehypertension


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prehypertension

A borderline health state of increased blood pressure (BP) that falls short of the measurable parameters at which surveillance and/or therapy would be required based on evidence-based guidelines, defined by the Joint National Committee report as a systolic BP between 120 and 139 mm Hg, and/or a diastolic BP between 80 and 89 mm Hg. BP greater than the above values is considered hypertension.

pre·hy·per·ten·sion

(prē-hī'pĕr-ten'shŭn)
Classification from The Seventh Report of the Joint National Committee on Prevention, Detection, Evaluation, and Treatment of High Blood Pressure for blood pressure systolic reading of 120-139 mmHg and diastolic reading of 80-89 mmHg. Blood pressure in this range warrants management to prevent progression to hypertension.

prehypertension

(prē″hī″pĕr-ten′chĭn) [ pre- + hypertension]
Having a systolic blood pressure between 120 and 139 mm Hg and/or a diastolic blood pressure between 80 and 89 mm Hg. People with prehypertension have an increased risk for strokes, heart attacks, and kidney failure relative to individuals whose blood pressure is below 120/80.
References in periodicals archive ?
Studies of time-restricted feeding have shown the early eating pattern (8/16, or eating for eight hours after rising and abstaining for 16 hours) to be more effective than a 12/12 pattern in helping to lower insulin levels and normalize blood pressure in men with prediabetes and prehypertension.
So, 2017 guidelines from the American Heart Association (AHA) and American College of Cardiology (ACC) eliminated the prehypertension category and replaced it with two classifications:
[6] As per the Joint National Committee 7 report, the term "prehypertension" includes BP ranging from 120 to 139 mm of Hg systolic and/or 80-89 mm of Hg diastolic; hypertension Stage I includes 140-159/90-99 mm of Hg and hypertension Stage II is 160 or above systolic/100 or above mm of Hg of DBP.
Although many studies have focused on the relation between hypertension and obesity, comparatively little research has been conducted on BMI and NC in their associations with prehypertension in young adults.
The present study determined the BP pattern, its relation to BMI, and the prevalence of hypertension and prehypertension among adolescents attending secondary school in Sokoto metropolis, north-western Nigeria.
The present study aims to find the prevalence of prehypertension and hypertension among the medical students who are from different socio-economic status, coming from both rural and urban areas of Manipur.
Subjects: Thirty adults with screening blood pressure readings consistent with prehypertension or stage I hypertension.
in the central Phoenix Region of KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa in 2012 [15], the prevalence of prehypertension and hypertension among school-going children aged [greater than or equal to] 6 to <18 years was estimated to be 2.1% (0.8-3.5%) and 2.6% (1.1-4.1%), respectively, similar to the 3-5% indicated in other reports in the literature globally [12, 15-19].
The results of the study of more than 400 adults with prehypertension, or stage 1 high blood pressure, were published in the Journal of the American College of Cardiology.
Among 19 children with an initially normal reading, five progressed to prehypertension, and five to overt hypertension.
It is possible that children with initially normal ABP may progress to hypertension or prehypertension, or that those with initial prehypertension or hyperten sion may be normal on repeat," lead investigator Coral Hanevold, MD, said at the joint scientific sessions of the American Heart Association Council on Hypertension, AHA Council on Kidney in Cardiovascular Disease, and American Society of Hypertension.
The researchers discovered a link between dementia and prehypertension, a condition in which blood pressure levels are higher than normal but lower than the clinical diagnosis of hypertension.