adipocyte

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adipocyte

 [ad´ĭ-po-sīt″]
fat cell.

fat cell

a connective tissue cell distended with one or more fat globules, the cytoplasm usually being compressed into a thin envelope, with the nucleus at one point in the periphery.

adipocyte

/ad·i·po·cyte/ (-sīt″) fat cell.

adipocyte

(ăd′ə-pō-sīt′)
n.

adipocyte

[ad′ipōsīt′]
a fat (adipose) cell, potentially containing a large fat vacuole consisting mainly of triglycerides.

Adipocyte

A generic term for any fat-storing cell, either:
(1) White (yellow, or adult) fat cells, which are far more common. These are unilocular—i.e., their cytoplasm contains a single humongous lipid-rich vacuole containing triglycerides and cholesteryl ester that flattens the remaining cytoplasm and nucleus to the outer edge. White fat cells—all 30 billion of them—secrete adiponectin, leptin and resistin, and weigh 13 kg/2 stone/30 lbs. White adipocytes divide once they grow beyond 4 times their usual size.
(2) Brown (baby) fat cells are multilocular and polygonal. In contrast to white fat cells, brown fat cells are rich in mitochondria and generate heat.

fat cell

(fat sel)
A connective tissue cell distended with one or more fat globules, the cytoplasm usually being compressed into a thin envelope, with the nucleus at one point in the periphery.
Synonym(s): adipocyte, adipose cell.

adipocyte

A fat cell. A cell that synthesizes and stores neutral fats (triacylglycerols or TRIGLYCERIDES). Human fat is a liquid at body temperature, so adipocytes are normally filled with oil. Adipocytes develop from adipoblasts, which derive from fibroblasts.

adipocyte

a cell specialized for the storage of fat; the fat is stored in a large cytoplasmic vesicle.

embryonic adipocyte
develop in the subcutis during the second half of pregnancy.
References in periodicals archive ?
We have used this set of genetic markers of adipose tissue differentiation (C/EBP[beta], PPAR[gamma]) and lipid metabolism (AMPK[alpha], CPT1[beta], GPR43, SCD) in studies of the effects of fatty acids on bovine preadipocytes (Chung et al.
The cell pellet was suspended in preadipocyte media (DMEM + 10% calf serum) at room temperature.
Target genes examined were PPAR[gamma]2, PPAR[alpha], fatty acid binding protein 4 (Fabp4), zinc finger protein 423 (Zfp423), lipoprotein lipase (LPL), preadipocyte factor-1 (Pref-1), alkaline phosphatase (ALP), runt-related protein 2 (Runx2), steroid receptor element binding protein 1c (SREBP1c), glycerol kinase (GyK), fatty acid synthase (FASN), acyl-CoA oxidase (ACOX), fat specific protein 27 (Fsp27/CideC), fatty acid transporter protein (FATP).
Expression of interleukin-6 is greater in preadipocytes than in adipocytes of 3T3-L1 cells and C57BL/6J and ob/ob mice.
Dual roles for the Notch target gene Hes-1 in the differentiation of 3T3-L1 preadipocytes.
Moreover, the team found that obese mice host more preadipocytes and macrophages in their fat tissue than lean mice do.
With the use of 3T3-L1 cells, Dowell et al (15) showed that a PI (nelfinavir) inhibited a complex network of transcription factors that play a key role in the differentiation of preadipocytes to adipocytes (Fig.
The research team from the University of Michigan Medical School in Ann Arbor worked with two types of mouse cell - precursor muscle cells called myoblasts and precursor fat cells called preadipocytes.
Even prior to fat gain, the preadipocytes (cells with the ability to become mature fat cells) in the upper body showed an increase in RNA messages which prompt proteins to synthesize fat.
It has been also reported that xanthoangelol and 4-hydroxyderricin inhibited the differentiation of preadipocytes to adipocytes (Zhang et al.