adipocyte

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adipocyte

 [ad´ĭ-po-sīt″]
fat cell.

fat cell

a connective tissue cell distended with one or more fat globules, the cytoplasm usually being compressed into a thin envelope, with the nucleus at one point in the periphery.

adipocyte

/ad·i·po·cyte/ (-sīt″) fat cell.

adipocyte

(ăd′ə-pō-sīt′)
n.

adipocyte

[ad′ipōsīt′]
a fat (adipose) cell, potentially containing a large fat vacuole consisting mainly of triglycerides.

Adipocyte

A generic term for any fat-storing cell, either:
(1) White (yellow, or adult) fat cells, which are far more common. These are unilocular—i.e., their cytoplasm contains a single humongous lipid-rich vacuole containing triglycerides and cholesteryl ester that flattens the remaining cytoplasm and nucleus to the outer edge. White fat cells—all 30 billion of them—secrete adiponectin, leptin and resistin, and weigh 13 kg/2 stone/30 lbs. White adipocytes divide once they grow beyond 4 times their usual size.
(2) Brown (baby) fat cells are multilocular and polygonal. In contrast to white fat cells, brown fat cells are rich in mitochondria and generate heat.

fat cell

(fat sel)
A connective tissue cell distended with one or more fat globules, the cytoplasm usually being compressed into a thin envelope, with the nucleus at one point in the periphery.
Synonym(s): adipocyte, adipose cell.

adipocyte

A fat cell. A cell that synthesizes and stores neutral fats (triacylglycerols or TRIGLYCERIDES). Human fat is a liquid at body temperature, so adipocytes are normally filled with oil. Adipocytes develop from adipoblasts, which derive from fibroblasts.

adipocyte

a cell specialized for the storage of fat; the fat is stored in a large cytoplasmic vesicle.

embryonic adipocyte
develop in the subcutis during the second half of pregnancy.
References in periodicals archive ?
2104) have shown that cycloastragenol, a bioactive triterpenoid sapogenin from Chinese herbal medicine Radix astragali stimulated calcium mobilization in a dose dependent manner in 3T3-L1 preadipocytes, linking this response with a decrease in the lipid droplets accumulation.
The relationship between alkaline phosphatase activity and intracellular lipid accumulation in murine 3t3-l1 cells and human preadipocytes.
Establishment of preadipocyte clonal line from epididymal fat pad of ob/ob mouse that responds to insulin and to lipolytic hormones.
The amount of adipose tissue in different anatomical regions depend both on the ability of adipocytes to alter their capacity to store lipids, and also the rate of proliferation of preadipocytes and subsequent differentiation into mature adipocytes.
human cells since it was not detected in murine preadipocytes and macrophages (Li et al.
These factors activate the aromatase which is present in preadipocytes.
We believe that the multicellular interaction and growth arrest of preadipocytes and the adipose-derived stem cells will promote differentiation, thereby enhancing the expression of adiposespecific functionality.
Mechanisms of resveratrol-induced inhibition of clonal expansion and terminal adipogenic differentiation in 3T3-L1 preadipocytes.
Another mechanism which may explain the correlation between TSH levels and obesity is in adipocytes and preadipocytes expressed receptors, TSH binds with its receptors and induces preadipocytes to produce and release adipokines (51).
Knowing about the molecular events that regulate the differentiation of preadipocytes and mesenchymal stem cells into adipocytes (adipogenesis) is important for understanding the genesis of obesity.
Its capacity of energy storage is virtually unlimited and results both from the increase of the volume of each adipocyte and the replication and differentiation of preadipocytes (COSTA; DUARTE, 2006).