Note: For dogs that shouldn't receive steroids, products that contain pramoxine
(provides temporary pain relief) work nicely.
Much has been tried--antihistamines, various topical agents (camphor, menthol, pramoxine
), antidepressants, gabapentin, antipsychotics--but little has panned out from these medications.
1% is a topical local anesthetic with antipruritic properties that was shown in a study to reduce uremic pruritus when compared to placebo (Young et al., 2009), and is also available without a prescription.
* After bathing, apply a topical ointment, such as calamine lotion, petroleum jelly, or another fragrance-free, anti-itch lotion that contains pramoxine
or menthol and camphor.
Pramocaine, also known as pramoxine
, is an ingredient in Gold Bond cream, some forms of calamine lotion, hemorrhoid relief products, and other OTC antipruritic agents.
Their actions are not tied to direct local pain-killing as with topical anesthetics like benzocaine or pramoxine
. Rather, the effects they produce on upper skin layers are believed to distract patients from the pain arising from lower areas that they cannot reach.
It comes in a spray and a gel, both featuring the active ingredients benzyl alcohol and pramoxine
HC1, as well as aloe vera to soothe irritated skin.
Low-potency topical corticosteroid preparations that contain other active ingredients, such as pramoxine
, may also be safe and effective at relieving itch and inflammation in sensitive skin areas.
Local anesthetics are given by injection or topically, and include benzocaine, bupivacaine (Marcaine, Sensorcaine), chloroprocaine (Nesacaine), camphor, dibucaine (Nuper-cainal), levobupivacaine (Chirocaine), lidocaine (Xylocaine, Octocaine), mepivacaine (Carbocaine, Polocaine), pramoxine
, prilocaine (Citanest), procaine (Novocaine), ropivacaine (Naropin), and tetracaine (Pontocaine).
Cold & Allergy Lip Soother, which retails for a suggested $1.89 to $2.69, contains pramoxine
HCL, dimethicone, glycerin, and vitamins C and E.
Examples include local anesthetics, such as benzocaine and pramoxine
, which relieve itching and irritation from insect bites, and skin-whitening agents, including arbutin, kojic acid and hydroquinone, which reduce melanin content in the skin.