81) athawa parartha kuneng sira ring rat kalebur ikang peteng ardha gelana ya ta wateken nira wehen anona prakrti
sang arya parartha rikeng rat || (OJR 11.
Sankhya teaches that everything that exists is made up of Purusha, the substance or soul, and the Prakrti
, or matter, energy, or creative force.
However, although Patanjali did employ the dualistic metaphysics of purusa and prakrti
(nature or the creative and active aspect of reality), he may have done so for provisional, descriptive, and practical purposes (Whicher, 1998).
(38) Barbara Stoler Miller explains that Siva incorporates Nature (prakrti
): "the female half of his cosmic totality.
Now certainly a female audience educated according to the conventions of classical dramaturgy would be able to "respond" and feel in tune with these conventions--which include a particular kind of humor women share with children, specific kinds of gestures, gazes and movements, the use of Prakrit rather than Sanskrit (in general) for female characters, the belonging to characters of low nature (prakrti
) within a classification into high, middling, and low rank, and so forth.
It essentially espouses two basic principles in the universe, prakrti
(matter) and purusa (pure consciousness, which is the foundation for awareness and is different from mind, although there are no direct translations of the Sanskrit words).
El funcionamiento del mismo se basa en una dis tincion fundamental entre una conciencia original sin contenido, denominada purupa, y una materia primordial, llamada prakrti
, donde se contiene en potencia toda la diversidad del mundo natural.
This dichotomy reflects the one espoused by the Sankhya school of Indian philosophy, which names the two principles Spirit (purusa) and Nature (prakrti
[nature] with its guna does everything--even the good' (161); 'Dharma is necessity loved' (168).
The Sankhya cosmology is structured around the thesis that the world is constituted of two basic elements--purusa (the individual soul), prakrti
(that manifests itself as the material world) and kala (the time that makes this manifestation possible).But it could not offer a satisfactory explanation as to how the unmanifested prakrti
is transformed into the material world.