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(e-zoe-ga-been) ,


(trade name)


Therapeutic: anticonvulsants
Pharmacologic: potassium channel openers
Pregnancy Category: C


Adjunctive treatment of partial-onset seizures.


Enhances transmembrane potassium currents (enhances KCNQ channels), stabilizes resting membrane potential and decreases excitability. May also increase GABA-mediated currents.

Therapeutic effects

Decreased occurrence of partial-onset seizures.


Absorption: Well absorbed (60%) following oral administration.
Distribution: Unknown.
Metabolism and Excretion: Extensively metabolized, one metabolite (NAMR) has anti-epileptic activity; 36% excreted unchanged in urine.
Half-life: 7–11 hr.

Time/action profile (blood levels)

POunknown0.5–2 hr8 hr


Contraindicated in: Lactation: Breastfeeding not recommended.
Use Cautiously in: History of prolonged QT interval, concurrent use of medications know to prolong QT interval, history of HF, ventricular hypertrophy, hypokalemia or hypomagnesemia (↑ risk of arrhythmias); History of depression, suicidal thoughts or ideation; Geriatric: Lower doses recommended; Renal impairment (dose ↓ recommended for CCr <50 mL/min; Obstetric: Use only if potential benefit justifies potential risk to the fetus; Pediatric: Safety and effectiveness use not established.

Adverse Reactions/Side Effects

Central nervous system

  • dizziness (most frequent)
  • drowsiness (most frequent)
  • aphasia
  • confusion
  • dysarthria
  • fatigue
  • hallucinations
  • impaired attention
  • impaired memory
  • psychoses
  • suicidal thoughts/ideation

Ear, Eye, Nose, Throat

  • blurred vision
  • conjunctival discoloration
  • diplopia
  • retinal pigment changes
  • scleral discoloration


  • abnormal coordination
  • balance disorder
  • gait disturbance
  • tremor


  • urinary retention


  • blue skin discoloration


  • physical dependence


Drug-Drug interaction

Blood levels and effectiveness may be ↓ by carbamazepine or phenytoin ; larger doses may be required. One metabolite may ↓ excretion of digoxin ; monitoring is recommended. Concurrent use of alcohol ↑ blood levels and risk of adverse reactions.


Oral (Adults) 100 mg 3 times daily for 1 wk, then ↑ by 150 mg/day at weekly intervals to maintenance dose of 200–400 mg 3 times daily (not to exceed 1200 mg/day).
Oral (Geriatric Patients) 50 mg 3 times daily initially, then ↑ by 150 mg/day at weekly intervals to maintenance dose not to exceed 750 mg/day.

Renal Impairment

Oral (Adults) CCr <50 mL/min—50 mg 3 times daily initially, then ↑ by 150 mg/day at weekly intervals to maintenance dose not to exceed 600 mg/day.

Hepatic Impairment

Oral (Adults) Child-Pugh >7–9—50 mg 3 times daily initially, then ↑ by 150 mg/day at weekly intervals to maintenance dose not to exceed 750 mg/day; Child-Pugh >9—50 mg 3 times daily initially, then ↑ by 150 mg/day at weekly intervals to maintenance dose not to exceed 600 mg/day.


Tablets: 50 mg, 200 mg, 300 mg, 400 mg

Nursing implications

Nursing assessment

  • Assess location, duration, and characteristics of seizure activity. Institute seizure precautions. Assess response to and continued need for ezogabine periodically during therapy.
  • Monitor patient for signs and symptoms of urinary retention (inability to urinate, pain with urination), especially patients with increased risk (benign prostatic hyperplasia, patients unable to communicate symptoms, patients taking concomitant mediations that may affect voiding such as anticholinergics).
  • Monitor closely for notable changes in behavior that could indicate the emergence or worsening of suicidal thoughts or behavior or depression.
  • Obtain systematic visual monitoring, including visual acuity and dilated fundus photography, by an ophthalmologist at baseline and every 6 months during therapy. If abnormalities in pigment of retina or vision changes are detected, discontinue therapy unless benefits outweigh risks of potential vision loss.
  • Lab Test Considerations: May cause false ↑ in serum and urine bilirubin.

Potential Nursing Diagnoses

Risk for injury (Indications)


  • Oral: Administer 3 times daily without regard to food. Swallow tablets whole; do not crush, break or chew.

Patient/Family Teaching

  • Instruct patient to take ezogabine around the clock, as directed. Medication should be gradually discontinued to prevent seizures. Advise patient to read the Medication Guide prior to taking ezogabine and with each Rx refill in case of changes.
  • May cause dizziness and drowsiness. Caution patient to avoid driving or other activities requiring alertness until response to medication is known.
  • Inform patients and families of risk of suicidal thoughts and behavior and advise that behavioral changes, emergency or worsening signs and symptoms of depression, unusual changes in mood, or emergence of suicidal thoughts, behavior, or thoughts of self-harm should be reported to health care professional immediately.
  • May cause grey-blue skin discoloration of lips, nail beds of fingers or toes, face, legs, and mucous membranes. Advise patient to notify health care professional if skin discoloration occurs; may require discontinuation of therapy.
  • Instruct patient to notify health care professional of all Rx or OTC medications, vitamins, or herbal products being taken and consult health care professional before taking any new medications. Advise patient to avoid taking other CNS depressants or alcohol.
  • Emphasize the importance of regular eye examinations. Visual changes may require discontinuation of therapy.
  • Advise female patients to notify health care professional if pregnancy is planned or suspected or if breast feeding. Encourage pregnant patients to enroll in the North American Antiepileptic Drug (NAAED) Pregnancy Registry by calling 1-888-233-2334; information is available at www.aedpregnancyregistry.org.

Evaluation/Desired Outcomes

  • Decreased seizure activity.
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References in periodicals archive ?
The dose of potiga should be increased when phenytoin (Dilantin) or carbamazepine (tegretol, carbatrol) are added
The Food and Drug Administration has approved nine GSK medications and vaccines in the past three years, including three in 2011: Benlysta for treating lupus in adults who do not respond to standard therapies, Potiga for treating partial-onset seizures in adults suffering from epilepsy and Horizant for treating restless leg syndrome.
M2 EQUITYBITES-November 3, 2011--Canadian Valeant expects US launch of Meda's Potiga in Q1 2012(C)2011 M2 COMMUNICATIONS http://www.
NORDIC BUSINESS REPORT-November 3, 2011--Canadian Valeant expects US launch of Meda's Potiga in Q1 2012(C)2011 M2 COMMUNICATIONS http://www.
Ezogabine, which will be marketed as Potiga, was developed by Valeant Pharmaceuticals North America and will be distributed by GlaxoSmithKline.
The company said it had received approval from US regulators for its epilepsy drug Potiga, European approval for the Benlysta drug for lupus and approval for use of Rotarix for the prevention of rotavirus in Japan.
13 June 2011 - Canadian Valeant Pharmaceuticals International Inc (TSE: VRX) and UK GlaxoSmithKline (LON: GSK) said on Monday that the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has approved Potiga (ezogabine) Tablets, a potassium channel opener, as adjunctive treatment of partial-onset seizures in patients aged 18 years and older.
The panel voted 13-0 that Potiga was effective for use with other epilepsy drugs for patients still having seizures.
authorities recommended approval of its Potiga epilepsy drug.
GlaxoSmithKline noted that Potiga, for epilepsy, Benlysta, for lupus, together with Rotarix, for rotavirus, have been approved for use by FDA.
treatments: Trobalt (EU only, in March 2011) and Potiga (U.
13 June 2011 - Swedish pharma company Meda AB (STO: MEDA A) said today its anti-epileptic drug candidate Potiga (ezogabine) received regulatory approval in the USA, triggering a milestone payment of USD6m.