postexposure prophylaxis


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postexposure prophylaxis

A preventive measure taken to protect a person or community from harm after contact with disease-causing chemicals, germs, or physical agents.
See also: prophylaxis

Postexposure prophylaxis (PEP)

Any treatment given after exposure to a disease to try to prevent the disease from occurring. In the case of rabies, PEP involves a series of vaccines given to an individual who has been bitten by an unknown animal or one that is potentially infected with the rabies virus.
References in periodicals archive ?
[R.sub.0] contains the secondary infection produced by the infectious compartment of dogs (in the presence of preexposure prophylaxis (vaccination), postexposure prophylaxis (treatment/quarantine), and culling of exposed dogs).
All the interns who had a NSI exposure received counselling and postexposure prophylaxis and also were encouraged to report all NSI.
The up side: Postexposure prophylaxis is 100% effective at preventing rabies if administered in time (as it has been in this situation).
Public health service guidelines for the management of healthcare workers exposures to HIV and recommendations for postexposure prophylaxis. MMWR 1998;47:(RR-7)
Al: Postexposure prophylaxis (PEP) refers to using certain drugs called antiretrovirals, or a combination of these drugs, in an attempt to reduce the risk of HIV infection for health care workers following an exposure to the blood or body fluids of a patient with HIV.
Although the owners refused postexposure prophylaxis and postexposure monitoring, postexposure prophylaxis was given to a selected number of staff members as recommended by Lipsitz et al.
KEY WORDS: Occupational infections, occupational exposure, postexposure prophylaxis, universal precautions, standard precautions, needlestick injury
We also must appreciate that women who are engaged in a relationship with a known HIV-infected partner, regardless of their age, can prevent acquisition with barrier methods such as condom use or postexposure prophylaxis as delineated by the CDC for serodiscordant couples.
Such treatment, called postexposure prophylaxis (PEP), has been available through the South African public health system since 2002.
Postexposure prophylaxis for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection following sexual assault.
CDC estimated the annual number of PrEP users based on a previously developed algorithm that discerns whether TDF/FTC was prescribed for PrEP or for HIV treatment, hepatitis B treatment, or HIV postexposure prophylaxis (8).