vaginal fornix

(redirected from Posterior fornix)

vag·i·nal for·nix

the recess at the vault of the vagina; it is divided into an anterior part, posterior part, and lateral part with respect to its relation to the cervix of the uterus. The posterior part is clinically significant as the site for culdocentesis and culdoscopy. The proximity of the ureter (below) and the uterine artery (above) adjacent to the lateral fornix is important clinically.
Synonym(s): fornix vaginae [TA], fornix uteri

vaginal fornix

a recess in the upper part of the vagina caused by the protrusion of the uterine cervix into the vagina.

vaginal fornix

An anatomic landmark consisting of the arched recess that surrounds the vaginal portion of the uterine cervix at the superior end of the vagina, which is divided into anterior, right and left lateral, and posterior quadrants.


pl. fornices [L.] an archlike structure or the vaultlike space created by such a structure.

cerebral fornix
either of a pair of arched fiber tracts that unite under the corpus callosum, so that together they comprise two columns, a body, and two crura.
conjunctival fornix
line of reflexion of the conjunctiva from the eyelid to the eyeball.
hippocampal fornix
a thick bundle of nerve fibers leaving the hippocampus to enter the hypothalamus, terminating in the mamillary body.
telencephalic fornix
see cerebral fornix (above).
vaginal fornix
the annular recess around the outside of the cervix.


pertaining to the vagina, the tunica vaginalis testis, or to any sheath.

vaginal annulus
see annulus vaginalis.
vaginal aplasia
manifested by imperforate hymen or residual strands of hymen. See imperforate hymen.
vaginal aspiration
use of a suction apparatus to collect a sample of vaginal fluid for culture, cytological or immunological examination.
vaginal biopsy
collection of a sample of mucosa by a pinch biopsy instrument for histopathological examination.
vaginal constriction
inherited defect in Jersey cows combined with anal constriction, sometimes with rectovaginal fistula.
vaginal cyclic changes
see vaginal cytology (below).
vaginal cystocele
the urinary bladder is lying on the floor of the vagina; the displacement has been via the urethra by eversion or via a tear in the floor of the vagina.
vaginal cytology
cyclic changes in the exfoliated epithelial cells of the vaginal mucosa occurring synchronously with the stages of the estrous cycle; collection of samples by the use of a swab and laboratory examination of a smear is a useful aid in determining the most appropriate time to mate a bitch.
vaginal fornix
see vaginal fornix.
vaginal hypoplasia segmental
see müllerian duct aplasia.
vaginal inflammation
see vaginitis (1).
vaginal neoplasm
include papilloma, sarcoma, myxofibroma.
vaginal process
an outpocketing of the peritoneum into the gubernaculum at the site of the future inguinal canal in the male fetus; becomes the tunica vagina of the adult.
vaginal prolapse
see vaginal prolapse.
vaginal retainer
see bearing retainer.
vaginal ring
see annulus vaginalis.
vaginal rupture
occurs during mating, dystocia, insemination, or by sadistic or malicious trauma. Results in peritonitis or cellulitis of the pelvic fascia.
vaginal smear
examination of the cells in a smear is used as an aid in predicting the time of ovulation, which may be useful in selecting the optimal date for breeding.
vaginal stricture
cicatricial contraction after traumatic injury.
vaginal tunic
the double peritoneal fold which encloses the spermatic cord and the testis; made up of a visceral layer which is adherent to the testis and cord, and a parietal layer which lines the scrotum and the inguinal canal.
vaginal vestibule
entrance to the vagina enclosed between the lips of the vulva, the labia minor. Connects the vagina at the external urethral orifice to the external genital opening; develops from the embryonic urogenital sinus.
vaginal wash
irrigation of the vagina with sterile saline can be used to recover cells, which are stained and examined microscopically to monitor estrus.
References in periodicals archive ?
Four hundred micrograms tablet Misoprostol was placed high up in posterior fornix of vagina three hours before the procedure for cervical ripening.
We grasped the cervix with a tenaculum and made a colpotomy on the posterior wall of the proximal vagina at the level of posterior fornix.
Subjects in misoprostol group were administered 800-ug (4x200-ug tablets) of misoprostol, inserted into posterior fornix without any type of soaking by a resident or a staff nurse in the Obstetrics and Gynecology OPD of Liaquat University Hospital, Hyderabad.
We then made a longitudinal posterior wall incision, beginning below the posterior fornix and ending at the hymen.
The discharge was then collected from upper part of posterior fornix 1 and lateral vaginal walls over a sterilized swab and 3 smears (Figure 2) were prepared from each swab specimen, agents used were:
I spread the labia initially while guiding the scope into the posterior fornix of the vagina.
1) The different sites of vaginal rupture are vaginal vault, posterior fornix and posterior vaginal wall.
Prostaglandins 3mg tablet was kept in the posterior fornix of the vagina, which was repeated 6 hours later.
Objective: To investigate the clinical features of epistaxis in the posterior fornix of the inferior nasal meatus and compare the treatment outcomes of endoscopic surgery and conventional nasal packing for this intractable form of epistaxis.
The patients in the study group (Group A) received 200 [micro]g misoprostol (Searle & Company (now Pfizer) under the trade name Cytotec, USA) in posterior fornix of vagina, 2-4 hr prior to the operative 1 procedures and the patients in the control group (Group B) received vitamin B6 (Kimia Daroo, Iran) in posterior fornix of vagina 2-4 hr prior to the operative procedures.
All the patients were administered a single dose of 800 ug misoprostol (total of 4 tablets 200 microgram each) intravaginally deep into the posterior fornix of vagina.

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