postoperative nausea and vomiting

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postoperative nausea and vomiting (PONV)

nausea and vomiting occurring after a surgical procedure.
References in periodicals archive ?
Post-operative nausea and vomiting after thyroid surgery: a prospective, randomized study comparing totally intravenous versus inhalational anaesthetics.
Keywords: Adenosine triphosphate-binding cassette subfamily B member 1 (ABCB1), Polymorphism, post-operative nausea and vomiting, P-glycoprotein (P-gp).
In our study, given the substantial and significant efficacy of Propofol and Ondansetron in reducing nausea and vomiting after laparoscopic surgery is suggested that followed anesthesia of patients should be with Propofol, and Ondansetron and Dexametasone should be used together in order to reduce post-operative nausea and vomiting in the recovery room and within first 24 hours more.
VAS scores for post-operative nausea and vomiting (PONY) at different time intervals in the 3 groups Time Intervals (h) Group A Group B 0 Early PONV 0.
When used for the prevention of post-operative nausea and vomiting, electro-acupoint stimulation and ondansetron were each more effective than placebo and provided a greater degree of patient satisfaction, but electro-acupoint stimulation seems to be more effective in controlling nausea.
The present study was undertaken to compare the antiemetic efficacies of ondansetron, granisetron and ramosetron in preventing post-operative nausea and vomiting after general anaesthesia.
The rationale of the study was to assess the postoperative nausea and vomiting with ondensetron and dexa-methasone adm- inistration and to compare the timing of adm- inistration of Ondansetron and Dexamethasone in terms of prevention of post-operative nausea and vomiting when given at induction verses thirty minutes before the end of prolong surgeries.
The US Food and Drug Administration approved the product in 2010 for the prevention of highly and moderately emetogenic chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting, radiotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting (RINV), and post-operative nausea and vomiting.
Objective: To compare the efficacy of ondansetron alone and combination of ondansetron and dexamethasone in preventing post-operative nausea and vomiting in patients undergoing laparoscopic cholecystectomy.
An audit of post-operative nausea and vomiting, following cardiac surgery: scope of the problem.
Treatment recommendations have become available with the publication of both consensus guidelines and evidence-based clinical practice guidelines for managing post-operative nausea and vomiting (Gan et al.
We observe post-operative nausea and vomiting events more in group-1(24%) and in group-2(16%) but there is no statistical difference.