port-wine stain

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stain

 [stān]
1. a substance used to impart color to tissues or cells, to facilitate microscopic study and identification.
2. an area of discoloration of the skin.
acid-fast stain a staining procedure for demonstrating acid-fast microorganisms.
differential stain one that facilitates differentiation of various elements in a specimen.
endogenous stain an intrinsic stain acquired during tooth development.
exogenous stain an intrinsic stain acquired after a tooth has erupted.
extrinsic stain a stain that can be removed from a tooth surface by polishing.
Giemsa stain a solution containing azure II-eosin, azure II-glycerin, and methanol; used for staining protozoan parasites such as Plasmodium and Trypanosoma, for Chlamydia, for differential staining of blood smears, and for viral inclusion bodies. Stained elements appear pink to purple to blue.
Gram stain a staining procedure in which bacteria are stained with crystal violet, treated with strong iodine solution, decolorized with ethanol or ethanol-acetone, and counterstained with a contrasting dye; those retaining the stain are called gram-positive, and those losing the stain but staining with the counterstain are called gram-negative.
hematoxylin and eosin stain a mixture of hematoxylin in distilled water and aqueous eosin solution, employed universally for routine examination of tissues.
intrinsic stain a stain that is within the enamel of a tooth and cannot be removed by polishing.
metachromatic stain one that produces in certain elements a color different from that of the stain itself.
nuclear stain one that selectively stains cell nuclei, generally a basic stain.
port-wine stain a persistent dark red to purple nevus flammeus that grows proportionately with the affected child and is usually found on the face. Initially it is macular, but the surface may develop angiomatous overgrowths with time. Port-wine stains often occur in association with other congenital abnormalities.
supravital stain a stain introduced in living tissue or cells that have been removed from the body.
tumor stain an area of increased density in a radiograph, due to collection of contrast material in distorted and abnormal vessels, prominent in the capillary and venous phases of arteriography, and presumed to indicate neoplasm.
vital stain a stain introduced into the living organism, and taken up selectively by various tissue or cellular elements.
Wright's stain a mixture of eosin and methylene blue, used for demonstrating blood cells and malarial parasites.

ne·vus flam·'me·us

, flame nevus
a large congenital vascular malformation nevus having a purplish color; it is usually found on the head and neck and persists throughout life.
See also: Sturge-Weber syndrome.
Synonym(s): port-wine stain

port-wine stain

A common congenital neurovascular malformation, appearing as deep red-purple macular lesions, corresponding to cutaneous angioma(s), often located in the ophthalmic branch of the trigeminal nerve; when located on the meninges, port-wine nevi may be confined to the occipitoparietal pial vessels, where sluggish blood flow predisposes to hypoxia of underlying cortex; port-wine nevi may occur in the normal population—e.g., Mikhail Gorbachev—or be part of various syndromes—e.g., Klippel-Trenaunay, Beckwith-Wiedemann, Cobb, Rubenstein-Taybi, trisomy 13 syndromes
Management Flashlamp-pulsed tunable argon dye laser, most effective if administered < age 7. More treatment may be required for facial lesions

port-wine stain

A flat, permanent, purple-red birthmark caused by a benign tumour of small skin blood vessels. A capillary HAEMANGIOMA. Port-wine stains can be treated by skin grafting or with laser burns.

naevus

benign, localized, overgrowth of skin melanocytes or blood vessels (see ABCDE)
  • naevus pigmentosus; mole congenital, raised/sessile, pigmented, benign skin lesion

  • naevus pilosus hairy mole

  • naevus spilus; speckled lentiginous naevus small light brown macule, increasing in size over time to form a speckled benign lesion of up to 10cm diameter; it should be monitored as it may undergo malignant changes (see ABCDE)

  • spider naevus small skin area with visible local arteries, resembling a spider

  • strawberry naevus small, raised, vascular naevus, resembling a strawberry

  • vascular naevus; port-wine stain congenital, often widespread, red/purple discoloration of skin, caused by capillary hypertrophy

References in periodicals archive ?
Even though he cannot explain why Dillon or anyone else gets the vascular birthmark, he has good odds of making them better with the laser therapy: 75 percent to 80 percent of patients have their port wine stain lightened by at least 50 percent, and the mark disappears completely in 15 percent to 20 percent of patients.
It was through the Foundation that they learned about laser treatments that are available to remove, or at least lighten, the port wine stain on Vicki's face.
3) Perea, second from right, with friend Mike Flores and other classmates at Notre Dame High School in Sherman Oaks, says she thinks of her port wine stain as ``a special thing that makes me unique.
Three babies in every 1,000 born in the UK will have a port wine stain.
Among the children born with port wine stains, Rebekkah is one of the lucky ones.
A port wine stain is one of a group of relatively common vascular malformations.
London's High Court heard he has a "low tolerance" of people commenting on the port wine stain, which covers much of his face and neck, and has been depressed.
Emily Wadwell, of Marske, was born with a port wine stain birthmark, and doctors discovered she suffered from the neurological disorder Sturge Weber.
A port wine stain is a red or purple birthmark affecting one in 500 babies.
Charles assumed a similar facial identity to 27-year-oldMartin, who suffered third- degree burns to half his body in a car accident,and Caprice was made-up to look like 33-year-old Debbie, half of whose face is covered with a port wine stain.
ASTURGE-WEBBER Syndrome is the name given to a combination of a port wine stain on the face and epileptic fits.