port-wine stain

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stain

 [stān]
1. a substance used to impart color to tissues or cells, to facilitate microscopic study and identification.
2. an area of discoloration of the skin.
acid-fast stain a staining procedure for demonstrating acid-fast microorganisms.
differential stain one that facilitates differentiation of various elements in a specimen.
endogenous stain an intrinsic stain acquired during tooth development.
exogenous stain an intrinsic stain acquired after a tooth has erupted.
extrinsic stain a stain that can be removed from a tooth surface by polishing.
Giemsa stain a solution containing azure II-eosin, azure II-glycerin, and methanol; used for staining protozoan parasites such as Plasmodium and Trypanosoma, for Chlamydia, for differential staining of blood smears, and for viral inclusion bodies. Stained elements appear pink to purple to blue.
Gram stain a staining procedure in which bacteria are stained with crystal violet, treated with strong iodine solution, decolorized with ethanol or ethanol-acetone, and counterstained with a contrasting dye; those retaining the stain are called gram-positive, and those losing the stain but staining with the counterstain are called gram-negative.
hematoxylin and eosin stain a mixture of hematoxylin in distilled water and aqueous eosin solution, employed universally for routine examination of tissues.
intrinsic stain a stain that is within the enamel of a tooth and cannot be removed by polishing.
metachromatic stain one that produces in certain elements a color different from that of the stain itself.
nuclear stain one that selectively stains cell nuclei, generally a basic stain.
port-wine stain a persistent dark red to purple nevus flammeus that grows proportionately with the affected child and is usually found on the face. Initially it is macular, but the surface may develop angiomatous overgrowths with time. Port-wine stains often occur in association with other congenital abnormalities.
supravital stain a stain introduced in living tissue or cells that have been removed from the body.
tumor stain an area of increased density in a radiograph, due to collection of contrast material in distorted and abnormal vessels, prominent in the capillary and venous phases of arteriography, and presumed to indicate neoplasm.
vital stain a stain introduced into the living organism, and taken up selectively by various tissue or cellular elements.
Wright's stain a mixture of eosin and methylene blue, used for demonstrating blood cells and malarial parasites.
Miller-Keane Encyclopedia and Dictionary of Medicine, Nursing, and Allied Health, Seventh Edition. © 2003 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier, Inc. All rights reserved.

ne·vus flam·'me·us

, flame nevus
a large congenital vascular malformation nevus having a purplish color; it is usually found on the head and neck and persists throughout life.
See also: Sturge-Weber syndrome.
Synonym(s): port-wine stain
Farlex Partner Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012
A common congenital neurovascular malformation, appearing as deep red-purple macular lesions, corresponding to cutaneous angioma(s), often located in the ophthalmic branch of the trigeminal nerve; when located on the meninges, port-wine nevi may be confined to the occipitoparietal pial vessels, where sluggish blood flow predisposes to hypoxia of underlying cortex; port-wine nevi may occur in the normal population—e.g., Mikhail Gorbachev—or be part of various syndromes—e.g., Klippel-Trenaunay, Beckwith-Wiedemann, Cobb, Rubenstein-Taybi, trisomy 13 syndromes
Management Flashlamp-pulsed tunable argon dye laser, most effective if administered < age 7. More treatment may be required for facial lesions
Segen's Medical Dictionary. © 2012 Farlex, Inc. All rights reserved.

port-wine stain

A flat, permanent, purple-red birthmark caused by a benign tumour of small skin blood vessels. A capillary HAEMANGIOMA. Port-wine stains can be treated by skin grafting or with laser burns.
Collins Dictionary of Medicine © Robert M. Youngson 2004, 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
It was through the Foundation that they learned about laser treatments that are available to remove, or at least lighten, the port wine stain on Vicki's face.
* Port wine stain may be camoumaflaged by make up or treated with Laser surgery and cryotherapy.
Based on the history, clinical data and investigation findings, we arrived at the diagnosis of Klippel- Trenaunay syndrome with extensive port wine stain and ulcerations and a solitary pseudo- Kaposi sarcoma.
A birthmark is almost always harmless and, apart from a port wine stain, most will disappear by the age of five.
Three of every 1,000 children born have a port wine stain, which is made up of numerous dilated vessels in a localized part of the skin, and for most the skin discolouration has caused discomfort, embarrassment, and even pain.
Port wine stains are caused by a problem with the blood vessels.
Sturge Weber is a rare neurological disorder that is usually indicated by a port wine stain birthmark on the face, usually involving the eye and forehead.
Stunning model Caprice is used to turning heads but when the reason for the glances is a port wine stain which scars half her face, she realises just how cruel people can be.
Therefore, it is important to formulate a differential diagnosis and consider capillary malformations (port wine stain), arteriovenous malformations, as well as benign and malignant tumors--all of which may mimic a hemangioma in appearance.
A STURGE-WEBER Syndrome is a condition where a port wine stain or a birthmark on the face co-exists with epilepsy.
Rebekkah has a dark red birthmark, known as a port wine stain, which covers two-thirds of her face.
Examination revealed that the port wine stain involving middle of forehead.