agkistrodontis (China), Porocephalus
crotali (worldwide, predominantly the Americas), and P taiwana (China) (2,4,5).
The pentastomes of reptiles have zoonotic potential, but among these parasites only Armillifer, Raillietiella, and Porocephalus have been associated with human infections (Riley, 1986; Qiu et al., 2005; Meyers and Neafie, 2011).
The genus Porocephalus comprises nine species that infect lungs of snakes in America and Africa (Christoffersen and Assis, 2013; Gomez-Puerta et al., 2011; Poore, 2012).
The family Porocephalidae is formed by seven genera, including Porocephalus
. This genus is represented by eight species that parasitize snakes, six in the Americas (P.
Further findings of Porocephalus
moniliformis in Cameroon [in German].
stilesi (Sambon, 1910) (LZ URCA 331-345) Porocephalus
Sequence similarities to other pentastomids range from 90.0% (Armillifer agkistrodontis, Porocephalus
crotali) to 90.8% (Raillietiella spp.).
Light microscope observations of granulomatous reactions against developing Porocephalus
crotali (Pentastomida: Porocephalida) in mouse and rat.
agkistrodontis FJ607339.1 Porocephalus
crotali M29931.1 Linguatula serrata FJ528908.1 Raillietiella sp.
In Brazil, only four species of pentastomids have been reported until now, as snake parasites: Cephalobaena tetrapoda Heymons, 1922; Kiricephalus coarctatus (Diesing, 1850); Porocephalus
crotali (Humboldt, 1808) and Raillietiella furcocerca (Diesing, 1863).