population

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Related to Population size: population growth, Sample size

population

 [pop″u-la´shun]
1. the individuals collectively constituting a certain category or inhabiting a specified geographic area.
2. in genetics, a stable group of randomly interbreeding individuals.
3. in statistics, a theoretical concept used to describe an entire group or collection of units, finite or infinite; from it a sample can be drawn.

pop·u·la·tion

(pop'yū-lā'shŭn),
Statistical term denoting all the objects, events, or subjects in a particular class. Compare: sample.
[L. populus, a people, nation]

population

(pŏp′yə-lā′shən)
n.
1.
a. All of the people inhabiting a specified area.
b. The total number of such people.
2. The total number of inhabitants constituting a particular race, class, or group in a specified area.
3. The act or process of furnishing with inhabitants.
4. Ecology All the organisms that constitute a specific group or occur in a specified habitat.
5. Statistics The set of individuals, items, or data from which a statistical sample is taken. Also called universe.

population

[pop′yəlā′shən]
Etymology: L, populus, the people
1 an interbreeding group of individuals characterized by genetic continuity through several generations.
2 a group of individuals collectively occupying a particular geographic locale.
3 any group that is distinguished by a particular trait or situation.
4 any group from which samples may be measured for some variable characteristic for statistical purposes.

population

EBM
A collection of subjects from which a sample is drawn for a study to obtain estimates for values that would be obtained if the entire population was studied.

population

Clinical research Universe A group of persons to be described or about which one wishes to generalize, assuming that the group is representative of an entire population. See Control population, Patient population Global village The aggregate of persons in a specified area. See Zero population growth.

pop·u·la·tion

(pop'yū-lā'shŭn)
Statistical term denoting all the objects, events, or subjects in a particular class.
Compare: sample (1)
[L. populus, a people, nation]

population

  1. the total number of the individuals of a particular species, race or form of animal or plant, inhabiting a particular locality or region.
  2. (in genetics) the total number of BREEDING INDIVIDUALS of a species in a particular location.

pop·u·la·tion

(pop'yū-lā'shŭn)
Statistical term denoting all the objects, events, or subjects in a class.
[L. populus, a people, nation]

population,

n the instances about which a statement is made; all events, organisms, and items of a stated kind occurring or in existence in a specified time. In statistics, a hypothetic infinite supply or universe of events or objects like those being studied and from which a sample was drawn.
Enlarge picture
Pontic.
population, at-risk,
n the individuals belonging to a certain group or community who have the potential to contract a medical condition.

population

all of the animals in a specifically defined area considered as a whole. The population may also be defined in modes other than geography, e.g. the cow population, a species specification, the nocturnal bird population.

binomial population
see binomial population.
population cartogram
a map of populations.
case population
see case population.
closed population
e.g. closed herd or flock; a population into which no introductions are permitted, including artificial insemination or embryo transfer; the population is genetically and/or hygienically isolated.
comparison population
see comparison population.
contiguous p's
the populations are separated but have a common border. Some diseases are very difficult to restrain from spreading from one population to the next.
control population
see control population.
population density
see population density.
experimental population
the population in which the experiment, or trial, is being conducted.
finite population
one capable of total examination by census.
genetic population
see deme.
genetically defined population
one in which the ancestry of the animals in it is known.
population genetics
deals with the frequency of occurrence of inherited characteristics in a population.
infinite population
cannot be examined as a total population because they may never actually exist but are capable of statistical importance.
population limitation
restricting the growth of an animal population by desexing, by culling or by managemental means of interfering with reproduction.
population mean
the mean of the population.
population numbers
see population size (below).
open population
one in which immigration in and out is unrestrained.
parent population
the original population about which it is hoped to make some inferences by examination of a sample of its constituent members.
population proportion
the percentage of the population that has the subject characteristics.
population pyramid
a graphic presentation of the composition of a population with the largest group forming the baseline, the smallest at the apex.
population at risk
see risk population (below).
risk population
the population which is composed of animals that are exposed to the pathogenic agent under discussion and are inherently susceptible to it. Called also population at risk. High or special risk groups are those which have had more than average exposure to the pathogenic agent.
population size
actual counting of a total population, the census method, is not often possible in large animal populations. Alternatives are by various sampling techniques including area trapping, the trapping of all animals in an area, the capture-release-recapture method, the nearest neighbor and line transect methods,
The population size is expressed as the population present at a particular instant. Alternatively it can be expressed as an animal-duration expression when the population is a shifting one and it is desired to express the population size over a period (e.g. cow-day).
stable population
a population which has constant mortality and fertility rates, and no migration, therefore a fixed age distribution and constant growth rate.
target population
in epidemiological terms the population from which an experimenter wishes to draw an unbiased sample and make inferences about it.
References in periodicals archive ?
According to above illustration, the 5th conversed population (G5D) using decrement method (approach setting: population size = 500, sex ratio = 1: 1, family size = 10, number of overlapping = 5 (exclude the initial generation), number of loci = 100, each of locus initial frequency range from 0.
The aim of this paper is :(1) the first used MBLUP for genetic background restoration, analyze the effect of different background selection methods on marker-assisted introgression efficiency, (2) analyze the effect of different population sizes on marker-assisted introgression efficiency, (3) analyze the effect of different ratios of QTL variance to total genetic variance on marker-assisted introgression efficiency, (4) discuss the suitable marker-assisted introgression scheme.
The SECR approach allows for estimating population density directly from trapping data, without prior estimating the population size and the effective trapping area (Efford 2004, Borches & Efford 2008, Efford et al.
According to the authors, a population size equal to 30 is able to resolve a great variety of optimization problems which use binary representation.
The Schumacher-Eschmeyer estimation method for closed populations was employed to estimate the population size in two different occasions: September 2009 (late winter) and in March 2010 (late summer), each one consisting of seven consecutive days of fieldwork.
Second, I analyzed the relationships between the population size in month i and that in month i-1 for 7 years (i=May, Jun,.
2 (R Foundation for Statistical Computing, Vienna, Austria) to determine if population size and reproduction were negatively correlated.
The BRI and JEB cattle have been reduced in population size, however, they maintained genetic diversity which is comparable to BRO cattle whose population size has not declined.
Thus, a weekly control would actually give rise to a population size of 4, not 52.
We do need some national level consensus about our position on population size.
Both linear and non-linear relationships have been found between population size estimates from pellet-group counts and other independent methods (Jordan et al.

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