polymicrogyria


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polymicrogyria

 [pol″e-mi″kro-ji´re-ah]
a brain malformation marked by development of numerous microgyri.

polymicrogyria

/poly·mi·cro·gy·ria/ (-mi″kro-ji´re-ah) a developmental anomaly of the brain marked by development of numerous small convolutions (microgyri), causing mental retardation.

polymicrogyria

polymicrogyria

A malformation of the cerebral cortex in which the brain surface is irregular and characterised by an excessive number of small gyri with abnormal lamination.

polymicrogyria

a brain malformation marked by development of numerous microgyri.
References in periodicals archive ?
Polymicrogyria and enlarged ventricles which they observed on neuroradiological imaging in all their patients were also present in our patient.
She recently made an emergency call to Martin House with her four-year-old son Archie who suffers from an epileptic condition known as West's Syndrome and polymicrogyria when she went into labour with 12-week-old Kasper.
Characterized by multiple small gyri, shallow sulci, and abnormal cortical layering, children with polymicrogyria are affected with a wide variation in findings that range from minor deficits to profound neurologic dysfunction.
Neuroimaging revealed enlarged ventricles with small periventricular calcifications, cortical dysplasia with polymicrogyria, and periventricular hypodensity.
Graeme Burnett, 12, suffers from a brain malformation called polymicrogyria, which causes uncontrollable seizures, and a second condition which sometimes stops him breathing in his sleep.
Categories of Malformations Associated With Congenital Zika Syndrome Category Examples Neurologic * Microcephaly * Hydrocephalus * Micrencephaly * Lissencephaly * Polymicrogyria * Pachygyria * Agyria * Holoprosencephaly * Ventriculomegaly * Corpus callosum abnormalities * Intracerebral calcifications * Destructive brain lesions Ocular * Chorioretinal atrophy * Optic nerve abnormalities * Maculopathies * Vascular abnormalities Musculoskeletal * Arthrogryposis * Craniofacial abnormalities (craniosynostosis) * Clubfoot * Acetabular dysplasia Genitourinary * Cryptorchidism * Hypospadias Other * Intrauterine growth restriction * Anasarca * Pulmonary hypoplasia * Single umbilical artery
Congenital infections can affect multiple organ systems, and many are associated with specific brain damage, including microcephaly, calcifications (predominantly periventricular, but also in the basal ganglia and in cerebral parenchyma), ventriculomegaly, neuronal migration disorders (pachygyria, polymicrogyria, lissencephaly, and schizenchephaly), cerebellar hypoplasia, and white matter anomalies (8).
Rajadhyaksha and Meher Ursikar studied 76 children with seizures and CNS malformations based on MRI neuroimaging and concluded that 19 cases revealed corpus callosal dysgenesis, 9 patients lissencephaly and 9 focal cortical dysplasia, 6 pachygyria, 3 polymicrogyria, 15 tuberous scleroses and 3 Sturge-Weber syndrome.
She may only be able to manage it for a to manage it for a couple of minutes but couple of minutes but as she smiles with as she smiles with delight, it was delight, it was something they never something they never dared to believe would dared to believe would ever happen when she ever happen when she was diagnosed with was diagnosed with two rare brain conditions called conditions called polymicrogyria and polymicrogyria and Periventricular Periventricular Nodular Heterotopia Nodular Heterotopia (PVNH).
Last year, Austin, a kindergarten student at the Simonian Center for Early Learning, was diagnosed with a seizure disorder caused by a congenital brain malformation called bilateral perisylvian polymicrogyria.
For Jacob, of Kings Heath, suffers from the condition Partial Trisomy of Chromosome 3 and Polymicrogyria, of which there are no other known sufferers in the world.