refugee

(redirected from Political refugees)
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refugee

A person who:
(1) has a well-founded fear of persecution for reasons of race, religion, nationality, political opinion or membership of a particular social group;
(2) is outside the country he or she belongs to or normally resides in; and
(3) is unable or unwilling to return home for fear of persecution.

Refugees may include those fleeing from war or civil disturbance of any kind; a permutation is that of an ‘internally displaced’ person who moves within the borders of one country for the same reasons. The mortality rate of refugees is 60-fold greater than that of a similar non-displaced population; it is highest in children and is due to measles, diarrhoea-related illnesses, acute upper RTIs, malaria and is in part related to the virtually endemic protein-energy malnutrition and micronutrient deficiencies that characterise the refugee state; diarrhoea is the most common cause of death (36,000 children die/day of diarrhoea).

Refugees have been called the fourth world, and have included Afghans, Armenians, Bengalis, Biafrans, Bosnians, Cambodians, Chileans, Croats, Cubans, Czechoslovakians, Ethiopians, Hungarians, Iraqis, Laotians, Liberians, Palestinians, Russians, Rwandans, Serbs, Somalis, Vietnamese, and cross religious lines—Jews, Hindis, and Muslims Records.

In the UK, refugees are entitled to benefits.

refugee

A person fleeing danger or distress, esp. in times of war or political persecution.
References in periodicals archive ?
Examining postcolonial dreams gone awry, Michele Magema's two-channel DVD installation Oye Oye, 2002, juxtaposes the artist's torso, marching in the Congolese uniform she wore as a child when her parents fled Zaire (now Democratic Republic of Congo) in 1983 as political refugees, with montaged footage of group dances performed during dictator Mobutu Sese Seko's "national authenticity" campaign.
1 HER parents are political refugees - her economist father and psychotherapist mother fled their native South Africa in 1969 after opposing apartheid.
In Florida, for example, the report noted that Lutheran Social Services of Northeast Florida received $1 million in 2003 to help political refugees. Karen Rieley, an official with the group, said the organization does not try to convert anyone.
from Laos as political refugees in the 1980s, and this story is about one teenager who spent ten years in a refugee camp in Thailand before coming with her grandmother to settle in Providence, Rhode Island.
Now they face fresh fears after the Home Office refused their application to become political refugees, which could lead to them being deported.
Kiberd takes due note of the shocking instances of racial violence that have beset Ireland in recent years: unprovoked attacks on newly arrived immigrants, asylum seekers, and political refugees from Romania and Nigeria.
Indeed, the "classification" of Jewish refugees as economic and "racial" immigrants rather than religious or political refugees meant that the group specificity of anti-Jewish persecution could be downplayed and each refugee could be treated on an individual basis.
Political refugees from Laos, who fought for the CIA during the Vietnam War, most were reluctant to leave their homeland even with a promise of life and liberty in the United States.
A spokesman for North Korea's human rights association was reported as saying that the terrorists were political refugees and international laws allowed them to protect them therefore they may seek the hijacker's consent to send them to a third country rather than to Japan.
Reding, a member of the right of center Christian Democrats, served on a Parliament Foreign Affairs Committee dealing with the question of political refugees seeking asylum in the EU.
His campaign for political refugees around the world helped produce the World Refugee Year, and with the three other journalists responsible he won the United Nations Nansen Medal.
Many of the animators who arrived at the Film Board were not political refugees. India's Ishu Patel, Caroline Leaf from the United States, and the Dutch animators Co Hoedeman and Paul Driessen, sought out the Film Board so that they could make personal films.