poliovirus vaccine

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Related to Polio vaccine: BCG vaccine

poliovirus vaccine

a vaccine prepared from poliovirus to confer immunity to it. The inactivated poliovirus vaccine (IPV) is a suspension of three strains of polioviruses that have been inactivated in formalin so that normal activity of the organisms has been destroyed. IPV is given subcutaneously at 2 mo, 4 mo, between 6 and 18 mo, and between 4 and 6 yr, and is the form of vaccination recommended in the United States. A trivalent live oral form of vaccine, TOPV, rarely causes vaccine-associated paralysis after administration. This reaction has not occurred with IPV and is the reason that use of TOPV is being discontinued in the United States. TOPV is, nevertheless, the treatment of choice in areas of the world where polio is still endemic. Also called poliomyelitis vaccine; poliovirus vaccine, inactivated; Salk vaccine.

poliovirus vaccine, inactivated

po·li·o·vi·rus vac·cine

(pō'lē-ō-vī'rŭs vak-sēn')
1. Inactivated poliovirus vaccine (IPV), an aqueous suspension of inactivated strains of poliomyelitis virus (types 1, 2, and 3) used by injection.
2. Oral poliovirus vaccine (OPV), an aqueous suspension of live, attenuated strains of poliomyelitis virus (types 1, 2, and 3) given orally for active immunization against poliomyelitis.
References in periodicals archive ?
In 1988 Albert Sabin developed an oral polio vaccine which has reduced worldwide polio incidence by 99%.
As for Hooper's assertion that polio vaccine might have launched the AIDS epidemic, Wimmer says, "the data just do not support him.
We are glad to be part of this admirable effort and hope that our support to procure additional oral polio vaccine will accelerate the country's pace towards achieving this milestone.
But its Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices contends that the number of vaccine-related polio cases could be halved if doctors used injections to administer the first two of four recommended doses of the polio vaccine.
Of the six vaccines used by EPI, the oral polio vaccine is the least sable at tropical temperatures.
He said that 3,048 teams had been constituted to administer anti polio vaccine drops to 1.
The Polio Incharge said that inactivated polio vaccine(IPV) through injections are being administered to children below two years of age, in addition oral polio vaccine (OPV)are also being administered to children under five years of age.
Immune Response also suspects that the vaccine is a victim of lingering bias against Salk's killed-virus approach - a prejudice that dates back to the advent of Salk's polio vaccine.
For of the 10 or so cases of polio that originate in the United States each year, every one is caused by the oral polio vaccine itself.
On 21 January 2001, Rotary volunteers from Philadelphia, PA - Bakersfield, CA - Riverside, CA and Aomori, Japan will join Rotary club members in India to administer the polio vaccine to over 150 million children throughout the country in a single day.
He said that 3,048 teams of health department had been constituted to administer anti polio vaccine drops to 1.
A report released this week recommends no immediate change in polio vaccine policy despite a small but persistent risk of polio infection associated with the most commonly used vaccine.