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former name for Pneumocystis jiroveci (q.v.).
Pneumocystis cariniiPneumocystosis Infectious disease An opportunistic 'bug' causing pneumonia–PCP in immunocompromised hosts–eg, with AIDS, leukemia, lymphoma, organ transplants, corticosteroid therapy, cytotoxic drugs, the elderly Diagnosis GMS staining of tissues; P carinii also causes otic infection and choroiditis Prophylaxis In advanced HIV infection, aerosolized pentamidine, T-S, and high-dose dapsone are equally effective; the latter 2 are superior in Pts with < 100 CD4+/mm3 Treatment T-S, manipulation of inflammatory response, and immune enhancement pentamidine, atovaquone, trimetrexate glucuronate
Pneu·mo·cys·tis ca·rin·i·i(PC) (nū-mō-siśtis kă-rī-nē-ī)
Former name for Pneumocystis jiroveci (q.v.).