Pneumocystis carinii

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Pneumocystis carinii

former name for Pneumocystis jiroveci (q.v.).

Pneumocystis carinii

Pneumocystosis Infectious disease An opportunistic 'bug' causing pneumonia–PCP in immunocompromised hosts–eg, with AIDS, leukemia, lymphoma, organ transplants, corticosteroid therapy, cytotoxic drugs, the elderly Diagnosis GMS staining of tissues; P carinii also causes otic infection and choroiditis Prophylaxis In advanced HIV infection, aerosolized pentamidine, T-S, and high-dose dapsone are equally effective; the latter 2 are superior in Pts with < 100 CD4+/mm3 Treatment T-S, manipulation of inflammatory response, and immune enhancement pentamidine, atovaquone, trimetrexate glucuronate

Pneu·mo·cys·tis ca·rin·i·i

(PC) (nū-mō-siśtis kă-rī-nē-ī)
Former name for Pneumocystis jiroveci (q.v.).


a genus of organisms of uncertain status, but considered to be protozoa.

Pneumocystis carinii
the causative agent of interstitial plasma cell pneumonia in humans and immunocompromised Arab foals and dogs.
References in periodicals archive ?
Management and outcome patterns for adult Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia, 1985 to 1995: comparison of HIV-associated cases to other immunocompromised states.
Sputum examination for the diagnosis of Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia in AIDS.
Deshmukh SD, Ghaisas MV, Rane SR, Bapat VM, Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia and its association with other opportunistic infections in AIDS - An autopsy report of five cases.
Factors in an outbreak of Pneumocystis carinii in a transplant unit.
Maternal-fetal transmission of Pneumocystis carinii in human immunodeficiency vires infection.
Review: Pneumothorax in patients with AIDS-related Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia.
Evidence for destruction of lung tissues during Pneumocystis carinii infection.
Limper, "Vitronectin and fibronectin function as glucan binding proteins augmenting macrophage responses to Pneumocystis carinii," American Journal of Respiratory Cell and Molecular Biology, vol.
AIDS-related extrapulmonary Pneumocystis carinii infection presenting as a solitary rectal ulcer.
Analysis of underlying diseases and prognosis factors associated with Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia in immunocompromised HIV-negative patients.
The first known successful trial of penicillin was a case series of 5 patients with eye infections performed in 1930, (2) and the first published description of acquired immunodeficiency syndrome involved case reports of 5 patients with pneumocystis carinii pneumonia.
Oropharyngeal samples for detection of Pneumocystis carinii by DNA amplification.