An 87m gross (27m net) gas column in the Pliocene
We present here in situ hipparionine fossils from Late Miocene - Early Pliocene
localities of the Siwalik Group and provide evidence of the presence of four species of the Siwalik hipparionine.
Time interval: Late early Miocene (late Burdigalian) to late Pliocene
(Piacenzian), and possibly early Pleistocene.
Conclusions: The Late Miocene-Early Pliocene
outcrops of the Siwaliks have rich history of the hipparionine fossils.
Fossil evidence places the Beaver Pond fossil site within the Pliocene
These molars are smaller, lower crowned and have a less pronounced stephanodonty than the Stephanomys identified in the Pliocene
and Pleistocene (see Minwer-Barakat et al.
Previous geologic evidence had indicated the Pliocene
Arctic was warm, but these terrestrial records are spotty, providing only isolated snapshots of time.
However, many of the late Miocene and Pliocene
named species of Sorex are based on small samples.
SubsequentdispersalduringtheMioceneandPlioceneextendedtherangeofParathelphusato the Philippines, Sulawesi, the Malay Peninsula and Sumatra, and, during the Late Pliocene
and Pleistocene, to Java.
The team focused on samples from the Pliocene
epoch between 3.
This formation is middle Miocene to late Pliocene
Cappadocia region is largely underlain by sedimentary rocks formed in lakes and streams, and ignimbrite deposits erupted from ancient volcanoes approximately 9 to 3 million years ago, during the late Miocene to Pliocene