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(1) A perennial herb, the seeds of which contain alkaloids, glycosides, mucilage, silica and tannins. Plantains are anti-hypertensive, anti-inflammatory, diuretic and expectorant.

Chinese medicine
Plantain is used for dysuria, ocular pain, urinary tract infections, poor vision and problems of childbirth.

Herbal medicine
Western herbal medicine, plantains are used internally as bulk laxatives, for bronchitis, cystitis, diarrhoea, fungal infections, haemorrhoids, hepatitis, neuralgias and urinary tract infections, and topically for cuts, stings, bites, tumours and varicose veins. 
(2) Psyllium, see there; Plantago psyllium.


n Latin names:
Plantago lanceolata, Plantago major, Plantago ovata, Plantago psyllium; parts used: husks, leaves, seeds; uses: bulking laxative, cough, urinary conditions, diarrhea, antiinflammatory; precautions: pregnancy, lactation, children, carbamazepine, cardiac medications, lithium. Also called
blond plantago, broadleaf plantain, buckhorn, cart tract plant, common plantain, English plantain, flea seed, French psyllium, greater plantain, Indian plantago, lanten, narrowleaf plantago seed, plantain seed, ribwort, ripple grass, snakeweed, Spanish psyllium, tract plant, way-bread, white man's foot, wild plantain, or
wild saso. Please note that this is not the same plantain as the starchy type of banana of the same name. See also psyllium, blonde and psyllium.


two plant species are called by this common name. See plantagovaria.
References in periodicals archive ?
Take three ripe plantains, peel, and cut in half, lengthwise making four pieces from each fruit.
Repeat until all plantains have been fried a second time.
Recently a team-mate was enjoying some boiled plantain with jerk chicken.
The MINADER chief is reportedly utilized the visit to make declaration on the establishment of special excellence centre for several crops such as cocoa, plantains and other priority crops in order to improve the knowledge of the cultivators on latest methods for mass-scale production.
En effet, les fruits du cultivar amun appartenant a la famille des << French plantains >> sont consommes lors des circonstances particulierement rejouissantes.
Bahrain hypermarkets carry a variety of bananas such as green plantains that are a staple dish in Uganda.
Plantains are scarce on the market from May to August.
It will be based in Flaminia de Puerto Viejo de Sarapiqui, and will buy plantains from 600 nearby plantations.
Bananas and plantains grow fast and plentifully in the heat and humidity, and driving about the islands one sees the bunches, hanging from their palm-like trees, wrapped in blue plastic bags, to stave off over-ripening until market day.
Plantains are part of the banana family, but unlike the yellow bananas that we eat raw, they must be cooked.