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(1) A perennial herb, the seeds of which contain alkaloids, glycosides, mucilage, silica and tannins. Plantains are anti-hypertensive, anti-inflammatory, diuretic and expectorant.

Chinese medicine
Plantain is used for dysuria, ocular pain, urinary tract infections, poor vision and problems of childbirth.

Herbal medicine
Western herbal medicine, plantains are used internally as bulk laxatives, for bronchitis, cystitis, diarrhoea, fungal infections, haemorrhoids, hepatitis, neuralgias and urinary tract infections, and topically for cuts, stings, bites, tumours and varicose veins. 
(2) Psyllium, see there; Plantago psyllium.


n Latin names:
Plantago lanceolata, Plantago major, Plantago ovata, Plantago psyllium; parts used: husks, leaves, seeds; uses: bulking laxative, cough, urinary conditions, diarrhea, antiinflammatory; precautions: pregnancy, lactation, children, carbamazepine, cardiac medications, lithium. Also called
blond plantago, broadleaf plantain, buckhorn, cart tract plant, common plantain, English plantain, flea seed, French psyllium, greater plantain, Indian plantago, lanten, narrowleaf plantago seed, plantain seed, ribwort, ripple grass, snakeweed, Spanish psyllium, tract plant, way-bread, white man's foot, wild plantain, or
wild saso. Please note that this is not the same plantain as the starchy type of banana of the same name. See also psyllium, blonde and psyllium.


two plant species are called by this common name. See plantagovaria.
References in periodicals archive ?
When RPM females that were field collected from banana trees were tested on 12 different banana and plantain leaf discs, significant differences in survivorship were observed among the treatments ([chi square] = 108.
Observations on feeding behavior showed that RPM females fed significantly more frequently on coconut than on banana or plantain leaf discs (P < 0.
smelled something, so I peered under a plantain leaf.
Signature eye, face, foot and body cremes, each containing multiple antioxidant ingredients, including olive, coconut and grape seed oils, rooibos, white and green tea, plantain leaf extract, watermelon, amalaki fruit, gingko bilboa leaf, and raspberry, cranberry and rosemary oils.
The offering, the Vishu Kani, containing auspicious items, consists of rice placed on a plantain leaf on a brass vessel.