Plantago major

Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.


(1) A perennial herb, the seeds of which contain alkaloids, glycosides, mucilage, silica and tannins. Plantains are anti-hypertensive, anti-inflammatory, diuretic and expectorant.

Chinese medicine
Plantain is used for dysuria, ocular pain, urinary tract infections, poor vision and problems of childbirth.

Herbal medicine
Western herbal medicine, plantains are used internally as bulk laxatives, for bronchitis, cystitis, diarrhoea, fungal infections, haemorrhoids, hepatitis, neuralgias and urinary tract infections, and topically for cuts, stings, bites, tumours and varicose veins. 
(2) Psyllium, see there; Plantago psyllium.
Segen's Medical Dictionary. © 2012 Farlex, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Salvia stipposa Shost, Plantago major L., Verbascum thapsus L., Echinops ritro L., Malvapussila are found in the grass-mixed grass communities.
Snap off the flower heads before they produce thousands of fluffy little parachutes [bar] Pearlwort (Sagina procumbens) with long prostrate stems and central rosette of narrow leaves is often mistaken for moss because of its flat appearance [bar] Plantain (Plantago major) is easily recognisable by its flat rosette of thick, broadly ribbed leaves.
All the plants they listed were shared with other respondents, except two plants named by Erna Ader (Plantago major and Polygala amarella).
Plantago major: Use for a toothache that is better with pressure and worse without cold air.
Crab apple 41 Rudbeckia hirta Black-eyed susan 42 Plantago major Common plantain * 43 Carex cephalophora Sedge 44 Taraxicum officionale Dandelion * 45 Elymus repens Quack grass * 46 Mehlotus alba White clover * 47 Solanum nigrum Nightshade 48 Antennaria neglecta Cat's foot 49 Potentilla arguta Prairie cinquefoil 50 Aster pilosus White aster 51 Verbascum thapsus Mullien * Rank Species Functional group 1991 2007 1 Andropogon gerardii C4 graminoid 6.11 9.16 2 Solidago nemoralis forb 0.8 7.22 3 Rumex acetosella forb 3.2 2.73 4 Poa pratensis C3 graminoid 3.8 0.54 5 Panicum oligosanthes C3 graminoid 2.69 1.6 6 Solidago speciosa forb 1.27 2.98 7 Phleum pratense C3 graminoid 2.89 1.27 8 Hieracium spp.
Among the analysed plant pieces, we can find more trees, for example Fraxinus excelsior, Salix alba and bushes Buddleia davidii, Ligustrum ovalifolium, Pyra-cantha coccinea, Syringa vulgaris, Spiraea vanhouttei and in the herb Plantago major.
Presistence of maternal nutrient effects in Plantago major: the third generation.