plant breeding

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plant breeding

the science that aims to improve the quality and yield of plants by the genetic engineering of varieties. The main tool of the plant breeder is SELECTION, by which it is possible to alter the genetic constitution of a plant type, provided that genetic variability is present in the original strains. Another method of improvement is the crossing together of inbred lines to produce HETEROSIS in the hybrids (see GREEN REVOLUTION). Plant breeding has lead to a great improvement in crop yield, better harvesting (e.g. with dwarf varieties) and improvements in the natural resistance of plants to pathogens. Recently, cell and tissue cultures using EXPLANTS have begun to be used by plant breeders, to produce
  1. (a) multiple copies (CLONES) of sterile types;
  2. (b) the development of forms with new chromosome combinations;
  3. (c) HAPLOIDS (2) which can be induced to become fertile DIPLOIDS (2) (the latter forming PURE BREEDING LINES).
References in periodicals archive ?
Major organization : ICAR-NATIONAL RESEARCH CENTRE ON PLANT BIOTECHNOLOGY
Fact #4: Innovations in plant biotechnology are reducing agriculture's carbon footprint.
We also welcome any initiative to craft a policy that dictates how plant biotechnology and its products are to be developed and used.
Drawing from scientific studies published in peer-reviewed journals, they consider such topics as fundamentals of plant biotechnology, types of feeding studies for assessing the nutrition and safety of feeds from GM plants, the fate of transgenic DNA and newly expressed proteins, feed additives produced by GM microorganisms, and public acceptance of GM plants.
SeeNews) - Oct 18, 2013 -A German chemicals group BASF SE (ETR:BAS) on Thursday officially opened aA new facility for plant biotechnology research in Ghent, Belgium.
The exhibition will present the innovative technology development of Kostroma State Agricultural Academy in the field of plant biotechnology, including production of improved planting material using biotechnological methods, which will allow farmers to increase crop yields.
Given this track record, it is clear that plant biotechnology can offer several more beneficial traits and offers a potential to improve agriculture in India and the world over.
BASF will cut 140 jobs from its plant biotechnology activities in Europe but will try to transfer these employees to other activities within the group.
The topics of biotechnology-related subjects presented in this congress were wide spread and included: Transgenic animals, plant biotechnology, systems biology, next generation DNA sequencing, biotech market, biotech management, environment, pharmaceuticals, food industry, medical biotechnology, marine biotechnology, bioinformatics and ethics.
Innate Technology is a patented plant biotechnology process that works with a plant's own genes to enhance desirable traits and to decrease less desirable characteristics.
Mexico, MO-based Soy Labs, LLC--with Missouri state and federal dignitaries--recently broke ground on the Missouri Plant Science Center (MPSC), which will serve as a biotechnology hub for companies like Soy Labs to perform cuttingedge research and perfect manufacturing processes for ingredients and finished products that are the future of nutraceuticals, functional foods and plant biotechnology industries.
However, a large number of plant biotechnology companies are trying to make plants do more of the manufacturing work.