orbit

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orbit

 [or´bit]
1. the bony cavity containing the eyeball and its associated muscles, vessels, and nerves; the ethmoid, frontal, lacrimal, nasal, palatine, sphenoid, and zygomatic bones and the maxilla contribute to its formation.
2. the path of an electron around the nucleus of an atom. adj., adj or´bital.

or·bit

(ōr'bit), [TA]
The bony cavity containing the eyeball and its adnexa; it is formed of parts of seven bones: the frontal, maxillary, sphenoid, lacrimal, zygomatic, ethmoid, and palatine.
Synonym(s): orbita [TA], eye socket

orbit

/or·bit/ (or´bit) the bony cavity containing the eyeball and its associated muscles, vessels, and nerves.or´bital

orbit

(ôr′bĭt)

orbit

[ôr′bit]
Etymology: L, orbita, wheel track
one of a pair of bony, conical cavities in the skull that accommodate the eyeballs and associated structures, such as the eye muscles, nerves, and blood vessels. The medial walls of the orbits are approximately parallel with each other and with the middle line, but the lateral walls diverge widely. The roof of each orbit is formed by the orbital plate of the frontal bone and the small wing of the sphenoid bones. The openings that communicate with each orbit are the optic foramen, the superior and the inferior orbital fissures, the supraorbital foramen, the infraorbital canal, the anterior and posterior ethmoidal foramina, the zygomatic foramen, and the canal for the nasolacrimal duct. orbital, adj.
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Bones of the orbit

ORBIT

Cardiology A clinical trial Oral Glycoprotein IIb/IIIa receptor Blockade to Inhibit Thrombosis

or·bit

(ōr'bit) [TA]
The bony cavity containing the eyeball and its adnexa; it is formed of parts of the frontal, maxillary, sphenoid, lacrimal, zygomatic, ethmoid, and palatine bones.
Synonym(s): orbita [TA] , orbital cavity.

orbit

The bony cavern in the skull that contains the eyeball and OPTIC NERVE, the muscles that move the eye, the LACRIMAL GLAND, a quantity of fat and various arteries, veins and nerves.

orbit

the body cavity or socket in the vertebrate skull containing the eyeball.

Orbit

The cavity in the skull containing the eye-ball; formed from seven bones: frontal, maxillary, sphenoid, lacrimal, zygomatic, ethmoid, and palatine.

orbit,

n hollow space where the eyeball and its muscles, nerves, and blood vessels are located.
Enlarge picture
Orbit.

orbit 

A rigid bony cavity in the skull which contains an eyeball, orbital fat, the extraocular muscles, the optic nerve, nerves and blood vessels, lacrimal system and fibrous tissue of various kinds. This packing serves to keep the eyeball reasonably well fixed in place as it rotates. The orbital cavity has the approximate form of a pyramid. The walls of the orbital cavity are formed by seven bones. The medial wall of the orbit consists of: (1) the frontal process of the maxilla (maxillary); (2) the lacrimal bone; (3) the lamina papyracea of the ethmoid; and (4) a small part of the body of the sphenoid. The floor of the orbit consists of: (1) the orbital plate of the maxilla; (2) the orbital surface of the zygomatic (malar) bone and (3) the orbital process of the palatine bone. The lateral wall of the orbit consists of (1) the orbital surface of the greater wing of the sphenoid, and (2) the orbital surface of the zygomatic. The roof of the orbit is made up mainly by the frontal bone and behind this by the lesser wing of the sphenoid. The orbit is lined with a membrane of tissue called the periorbita (or orbital periosteum) which extends to the orbital margin (anterior rim of the orbit) where it becomes continuous with the periosteum covering the facial bones. The periorbita is loosely attached to the bones except at sutures, foramina and the orbital margin where it is firmly attached. The bones are much thicker at the margin (rim) than they are along the walls of the orbital cavity. There are many apertures and gaps in the orbit through which blood vessels and nerves pass (see Table O4). See orbital axis; optic canal; inferior orbital fissure; superior orbital fissure; orbital fracture; cavernous haemangioma; lamina papyracea.
Table O3 Bones forming the walls of the orbit
roofmedial wall
1. frontal1. maxilla
2. lesser wing of sphenoid2. lacrimal
3. ethmoid
4. sphenoid
floorlateral wall
1. maxilla1. greater wing of sphenoid
2. zygomatic
3. palatine2. zygomatic

Table O4 Orbital apertures
aperturelocationcontents
optic canalat the apex (in lesser sphenoid)optic nerve
ophthalmic artery
sympathetic nerve fibres
superior orbital fissureat the apex (gap between greater and lesser sphenoid)III, IV, V, VI nerves
sympathetic nerve fibres
ophthalmic vein
recurrent lacrimal artery
inferior orbital fissurebetween lateral wall and posterior part of the floorinfraorbital nerve
zygomatic nerve
branch of inferior ophthalmic vein
nerve fibres from the
pterygopalatine (sphenopalatine)
ganglion to orbital periosteum
ethmoidal foramina (anterior and post.)medial wall (frontal/ethmoidal suture)ethmoidal vessels
ethmoidal nerve/external nasal nerve
zygomatic foramenlateral wallzygomatic nerve and vessels
nasolacrimal canalmedial wall (maxilla/lacrimal)nasolacrimal duct

or·bit

(ōr'bit) [TA]
Bony cavity containing eyeball and its adnexa.

orbit,

n 1. in chemistry, refers to the movement of an electron around an atom's nucleus.
2. the bony socket that contains the eyeball and all its supporting structures.

orbit

1. the bony cavity containing the eyeball and its associated muscles, vessels and nerves; the ethmoid, frontal, lacrimal, nasal, palatine, sphenoid and zygomatic bones and the maxilla contribute to its formation.
2. the path of an electron around the nucleus of an atom.
References in periodicals archive ?
Kepler finally concluded that the planetary orbits are elliptical, not circular and eccentric, and that the sun is at one focus of the ellipse.
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Last September 29th a team led by Steven Vogt and Paul Butler, longtime leaders in the field, announced that it had teased six distinct planetary orbits out of the complex wobbles of Gliese 581, a red dwarf 20 light-years away in Libra.
Because the details of its evolution over millions of years are sensitive to precisely where the planets are at any given moment, researchers cannot accurately calculate and predict the erratic variations possible in the past or future shapes and inclinations of planetary orbits.
Because there is no wiggle room in planetary orbits, these projects, once selected, cannot slip schedule without consequence.
Evidence mounted that planetary orbits are chaotic, suggesting limits on predictions of the solar system's long-term future (141: 120, 231).
Several of us have been trying to see if inclinations of planetary orbits are prograde and well aligned," says Winn.
Yet computer simulations of the evolution of planetary orbits have revealed evidence of chaos.

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