Piper methysticum


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Related to Piper methysticum: kava, Hypericum perforatum, Kava Kava

kava

A broad-leafed shrub native to Oceania, which contains alkaloids, lactones, kawain, methysticin, mucilage, starch and yangonin.
 
Ethnomedicine
Kava plays a central role in tribal life of Oceania; it is ground and fermented to produce a hallucinogen, which is used to celebrate birth and marriage, mourn death, placate the gods, cure illness and remove curses.
 
Herbal medicine
Kava is antiseptic and diuretic; it is used by Western herbalists for prostatitis, urinary tract infections, rheumatic complaints, gout, anxiety, depression, insomnia and muscle spasms.

Toxicity
Chronic use is associated with dermal, hepatic, ocular and spinal cord damage.

Piper methysticum,

n See kava.
References in periodicals archive ?
Enhanced cognitive performance and cheerful mood by standardised extracts of Piper methysticum (kava-kava).
The Kava Anxiety Depression Spectrum Study (KADSS): a randomized, placebo-controlled crossover trial using an aqueous extract of Piper methysticum.
It was discovered that she had been taking a herbal supplement that contained Piper methysticum, Scutellaria lateriflora and Passiflora incarnata.
Enhanced cognitive performance and cheerful mood by standardized extracts of Piper methysticum (kava-kava).
Piper methysticum (Kava) in der Diskussion: Betrachtungen zu Qualitat, Wirksamkeit und Unbedenklichkeit.
The herbal medicines, which, according to these data are associated with anxiolytic activity in humans, are Piper methysticum and Bacopa monniera.
Piper methysticum, der Rauschpfeffer--Geschichte und gegenwartiger Stand der Wirkstoff-Forschung.
Key words: Kava, P450 inhibition, cytotoxicity, Piper methysticum, hepatocytes, hepatotoxicity
Jussofie A, Schmiz A, Hiemke C (1994): Kavapyrone enriched extract from Piper methysticum as modulator of the GABA binding site in different regions of rat brain.
An aqueous decoction of Piper methysticum has been used since centuries of Pacific Island at social religious-ceremonial and social events without hepatotoxic side effects in contrast to the speculation on industrial Kava preparations.
The final chapter is a brief discussion of the efficacy and safety of Piper methysticum, which provides a summary of some animal and human studies.