Piper methysticum


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Related to Piper methysticum: kava, Hypericum perforatum, Kava Kava

kava

A broad-leafed shrub native to Oceania, which contains alkaloids, lactones, kawain, methysticin, mucilage, starch and yangonin.
 
Ethnomedicine
Kava plays a central role in tribal life of Oceania; it is ground and fermented to produce a hallucinogen, which is used to celebrate birth and marriage, mourn death, placate the gods, cure illness and remove curses.
 
Herbal medicine
Kava is antiseptic and diuretic; it is used by Western herbalists for prostatitis, urinary tract infections, rheumatic complaints, gout, anxiety, depression, insomnia and muscle spasms.

Toxicity
Chronic use is associated with dermal, hepatic, ocular and spinal cord damage.

Piper methysticum,

n See kava.
References in periodicals archive ?
However it should be noted that this advantage is tempered by continued concern regarding the hepatotoxic potential of kava preparations (potentially containing flavokawain B) derived from an ethanol extraction of ground Piper methysticum root (Kinrys 2009, Zhou 2010).
The extract was prepared from the rhizome of the kava tropical shrub plant, Piper methysticum, using a methanol extraction method.
Piper methysticum extract (kava kava) possesses numerous therapeutic properties, but it is unknown which of its principle constituents (kavalactones) subserve such effects.
Genetic control of kavalactone chemotypes in Piper methysticum cultivars.
The plant parts used of Piper methysticum (kava kava or kava as it is commonly known) are the root and rhizome (Braun 2007).
Piper methysticum (kava) has been embroiled in controversy over the last few years after concerns of heptotoxicity prompted its withdrawal or restriction in a number of countries including Australia.
Enhanced cognitive performance and cheerful mood by standardized extracts of Piper methysticum (kava-kava).
Piper methysticum (Kava) in der Diskussion: Betrachtungen zu Qualitat, Wirksamkeit und Unbedenklichkeit.
Inhibition of cytochrome P450 3A4 by extracts and kavalactones of Piper methysticum (Kava-kava).
The herbal medicines, which, according to these data are associated with anxiolytic activity in humans, are Piper methysticum and Bacopa monniera.
Piper methysticum, der Rauschpfeffer--Geschichte und gegenwartiger Stand der Wirkstoff-Forschung.
Key words: Kava, P450 inhibition, cytotoxicity, Piper methysticum, hepatocytes, hepatotoxicity