pinta

(redirected from Pinter)
Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Financial, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.
Related to Pinter: Pinterest

Pinta

 

Definition

A bacterial infection of the skin which causes red to bluish-black colored spots.

Description

Pinta is a skin infection caused by the bacterium Treponema carateum, a relative of the bacterium which causes syphilis. The word "pinta" comes from the Spanish and means "painted." Pinta is also known as "azula" (blue), and "mal de pinto" (pinto sickness). It is one of several infections caused by different Treponema bacteria, which are called "endemic" or "non-venereal" treponematoses.
Pinta is primarily found in rural, poverty-stricken areas of northern South America, Mexico, and the Caribbean. The disease is usually acquired during childhood and is spread from one person to another by direct skin-to-skin contact. The bacteria enter the skin through a small cut, scratch, or other skin damage. Once inside the skin, the warmth and moisture allow the bacteria to multiply. The bacterial infection causes red, scaly lesions on the skin.

Causes and symptoms

Pinta is caused by an infection with the bacterium Treponema carateum. Persons at risk for pinta are those who live in rural, poverty-stricken, overcrowded regions of South America, Mexico, and the Caribbean. Symptoms of pinta occur within two to four weeks after exposure to the bacteria. The first sign of infection is a red, scaly, slowly enlarging bump on the skin. This is called the "primary lesion." The primary lesion usually appears at the site where the bacteria entered the skin. This is often on the arms, legs, or face. The smaller lesions which form around the primary lesion are called "satellite lesions." Lymph nodes located near the infected area will become enlarged, but are painless.
The second stage of pinta occurs between one and 12 months after the primary lesion stage. Many flat, red, scaly, itchy lesions called "pintids" occur either near the primary lesion, or scattered around the body. Pintid lesions progress through a range of color changes, from red to bluish-black. The skin of older lesions will become depigmented (loss of normal color).

Diagnosis

Pinta can be diagnosed by dermatologists (doctors who specialize in skin diseases) and infectious disease specialists. The appearance of the lesions helps in the diagnosis. A blood sample will be taken from the patient's arm to test for antibodies to Treponema carateum. A scraping of a lesion will be examined under the microscope to look for Treponema bacteria. The results of these tests should be available within one to two days.

Treatment

Pinta is treated with benzathine penicillin G (Bicillin), given as a single injection.

Prognosis

Treatment will result in a complete cure but will not undo any skin damage caused by the late stages of disease. Spread of pinta to the eyes can cause eyelid deformities.

Prevention

Good personal hygiene and general health may help prevent infections. In general, avoid physical contact with persons who have skin lesions.

Resources

Other

Mayo Clinic Online. March 5, 1998. http://www.mayohealth.org.

Key terms

Lesion — An abnormal change in skin due to disease.

pinta

 [pin´tah]
a treponemal infection characterized by bizarre pigmentary changes in the skin occurring in tropical America; it is effectively treated by penicillin.
pinta fever a disease observed in northern Mexico, identical with Rocky Mountain spotted fever.

pin·ta

(pin'tă, pēn'tă),
A disease caused by a spirochete, Treponema carateum, endemic in Mexico and Central America, and characterized by a small primary papule followed by an enlarging plaque and disseminated secondary macules of varying color called pintids that finally become white.
See also: nonvenereal syphilis.
Synonym(s): azul, carate, mal del pinto
[Sp. painted]

pinta

/pin·ta/ (pin´tah) a treponemal infection of tropical America, characterized by bizarre pigmentary changes in the skin.

pinta

(pĭn′tə, pēn′tä)
n.
A contagious skin disease prevalent in tropical America, caused by a spirochete (Treponema carateum) and marked by extreme thickening and spotty discoloration of the skin.

pinta

[pēn′tə]
Etymology: Sp, spot
an infection of the skin caused by Treponema carateum, a common organism in South and Central America. The bacterium gains entry into the body through a break in the skin. Prolonged exposure and close contact appear to be necessary for transmission. The primary lesion is a slowly enlarging papule with regional lymph node enlargement, followed in 1 to 12 months by a generalized red to slate-blue macular rash. Eventually these lesions become depigmented. Diagnosis is based on serological tests and dark-field microscopic examination of scrapings from skin lesions. Treatment with penicillin G is effective. Also called azul, azula, carate, mal del pinto. Compare yaws.

pin·ta

(pin'tă)
A disease caused by a spirochete, Treponema carateum; characterized by a small primary papule followed by an enlarging plaque and disseminated secondary macules of varying color called pintids that finally become white. Occurs in semiarid, warm climates (such as are found in areas of Central and South America).
Synonym(s): mal del pinto.
[Sp. painted]

pinta

A skin disorder caused by Treponema carateum an organism closely related to the spirochaete causing SYPHILIS. The disease is not sexually transmitted and is confined to underdeveloped areas of central and south America. It features a scaly, raised spot that slowly enlarges and becomes surrounded by satellite spots. Up to a year later there is a secondary stage with a widespread rash that leads to loss of skin pigment. Pinta is treated with penicillin.
References in periodicals archive ?
When he set out to write poetry, Pinter was a youngster "ravished by language and the conundrum of language" (qtd.
His father had a formal religious burial; Pinter chose not to.
This is a good Pinter primer - very effective in the intensity of the LBT Cellar - and it runs until Saturday, when there is also a matinee.
Marina de Tavira, nieta del director Luis de Tavira, se inicio en la dramaturgia de Pinter cuando estudiaba teatro en el NET (Nucleo de Estudios Teatrales) que fundaran, entre otros, Hector Mendoza y Julio Castillo:
Badame and Pinter are joined by a solid roster of officers including vice chairmen Steven Alessio of Sweet Construction Corp.
Sands - who came to pubic prominence in Merchant Ivory's A Room With A View - is currently starring in a one man show, A Celebration Of Harold Pinter, which focuses on the author's poetry.
The authorities in Sofia recognize that and they have committed to overcome those weaknesses by mid-March," Pinter told MEPs.
Atalay and Pinter debated the integrated border management system, a joint project among Britain, Hungary and Turkey.
London, Sep 18 (ANI): Renowned novelist Hanif Qureshi has bagged a literary prize set up in honour of playwright Harold Pinter.
A LETTER from playwright Harold Pinter to pupils which exposes his "cantankerous" nature has been sold for pounds 360 at auction.
Scholars of literature in general and drama in particular counter the view that towering British playwright Harold Pinter (1930-2008) represented a sui generis, by showing how particular plays, and his body of work as a whole, fit in the dramatic tradition and contemporary scene of English language.
Playwright, director, actor, poet and political activist, Pinter was born in East London.