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A language that is no one’s native language, but is used as an auxiliary or supplemental language between 2 or more mutually unintelligible speech communities
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References in periodicals archive ?
Swahili is not to be taken as evidence for an original Uralic lingua franca in this guilt-by-association way, simply because it does not originate in any pidgin or creole language.
This marks a major difference between human languages [sic] and, for example, pidgins and the signing of chimpanzees, where any word can pretty much go anywhere.
All the same, the origin of Nigerian Pidgin has been stated in a pioneering study as "essentially a product of the process of urbanisation, while its origins lie historically in the early contacts between Africans and Europeans.
The pidgins and creoles spoken in the Pacific have been very well described and documented so far; I just refer to publications like, for example, Crowley (1987, 1990), Dutton (1980, 1985), Dutton and Thomas (1985), Jourdan and Maebiru (2002), Keesing (1988), Mihalic (1971), Tryon (1987), Verhaar (1995), and Wurm et al.
Despite the lack of specific evidence to support Hashimoto's theory of a Manchu-Chinese pidgin, it remains a fact that when one travels north or south in China, the Chinese dialects one encounters tend to resemble to some degree the non-Chinese languages that border them.
This interesting chapter ends with a description of grammaticalization processes involving serial verbs in Melanesian Pidgin and with a brief discussion of the question whether we can observe universal factors in the formation of patterns of serialization in pidgins and creoles.
The absence of a full description has certainly to do with the state of information: the demographic facts and sociolinguistic data about both the local St E and widespread pidgin are just not available.
Readers familiar with Pieter Seuren's work in theoretical linguistics may be somewhat surprised to find an issue of Linguistics in his honor entirely devoted to creoles, pidgins and "sundry(2) languages.
Among their topics are genetic evolution and the evolution of languages, the origin of language as a product of the evolution of modern cognition, Colin Renfrew's hypothesis on the Near-Eastern origin of the original Indo-European people, and what creoles and pidgins reveal about the evolution of languages.
One reason that both deviant and standard pronouns are found in early records of pidgins and creoles is that the vast majority of old texts were written by Europeans, whose representation of the pidgin/creole pronoun system was probably influenced by their own, more standard-like, system.
The chapters cover all of the types of languages Crowley worked on--Australian, Oceanic, pidgins and creoles, and varieties of English--and are organized into three sections reflecting three areas of linguistics of great interest to Crowley: language description and linguistic typology, language history and historical linguistics, and language development and linguistic applications.
Their topics include transitions from the past to the present, pidgins and creoles as linguistic responses to European contact, language habitat and cultural continuity, issues and policies in school education, and Aboriginal English in the criminal justice system.